How To Avoid Automotive Transmission Repair Fraud

When Your Car Requires Transmission Repair

There are lots of things car owners don’t want to hear from their mechanics, with a transmission repair topping the list. Even if it’s repairable, the fix is likely to end up costing a substantial amount. Just one mechanical failure involving the transmission can cause an engine to shut down completely, so it is imperative that you watch for the signs. If you think there’s a problem you should have your vehicle inspected immediately.

So how do you know if you really need a transmission repair? The following information will help you figure it out.

What Does the Transmission Do?

Transmissions play a crucial role in a vehicle’s ability to operate. Basically, transmissions carry the engine’s power to the drive axle by utilizing various gears, making it possible for the engine to run at various speeds.

Transmission Repair Services

There are different transmission repair services that your car may need. Here are a few of the most common:

Transmission Fluid Change

There are two options for a transmission fluid change. A full fluid exchange following the specifications the manufacturer of your vehicle recommends. Second, a transmission fluid and filter change, also following the specifications recommended by the vehicle’s manufacturer. You are likely to avoid an expensive transmission repair if you keep up with your vehicle’s recommended transmission fluid change schedule, typically due every two years or 30,000 miles.

Transmission Flush

A transmission flush is a comprehensive transmission repair that “flushes” out the sludge and grime that has accumulated in it. First, the mechanic removes the old oil. Next, new oil and cleaning solutions (if necessary) are run through the transmission, removing damaging debris. Lastly, the transmission is refilled with new oil.

Rebuild or Replacement

In some cases, if the transmission begins to fail or stops working altogether, mechanics will recommend a replacement or rebuild. If this is the case, make sure you’re working with an auto repair shop that has a great reputation.


Signs You Need Transmission Repair

When it comes to maintaining and improving the longevity of your vehicle, it helps to be able to spot when something is going wrong. Noticing a problem early can help you get it resolved before it becomes a full-blown disaster. Fortunately, with car transmissions it is usually easier to observe when issues arise because they are typically accompanied by a sound or a sensation. In other words, you intuitively can tell when it’s time to take your car to your mechanic for transmission repair. Let’s get into the specific things to take notice of.

Won’t Go Into Gear

This one is geared toward manual transmissions (no pun intended). If you press the clutch and move the stick only to find that your transmission won’t go into gear, you’ve got a problem. You’ll typically find that this happens when you’re trying to get into first from a full stop, or just moving up and down the gears. It’s not uncommon for cars with transmission issues to stall at red lights. The problem is most likely low transmission fluid, the wrong thickness of the fluid, or needed adjustment of shift cables or clutch linkage.

What’s that Smell?

If you notice a pungent, not so pleasant aroma, it could be your transmission overheating. This smell is caused by the burning transmission fluid, which could be the result of low transmission fluid caused by a leak. It is important to get this issue addressed quickly because the fluid is responsible for keeping the many parts of your transmission lubricated and moving properly. Most importantly, it also keeps your transmission from burning up.

Leaking Fluid

This is one of the easier issues to spot. If you take a look at your driveway after moving your car and notice a bright red, dark red or brown liquid on it, this could be your transmission fluid leaking out of your car. As we mentioned before, having a low transmission fluid level is really bad for your transmission, and having a leak is going to make this much more likely. Take your car to your trusted Maryland auto repair shop right away or you risk burning up your transmission.

Check Engine Light

Another obvious indicator that something is up with your car is the check engine light. If it comes on, something isn’t right. The only problem with this method of diagnosis is that the check engine light can come on for any number of reasons. The only way to know for sure is to purchase a diagnostic tool or take your car to an auto repair shop that has one. Either way, it’s best to heed this warning because something needs to be fixed.

Grinding or Shaking

Depending on the type of transmission, you will notice one of these effects if something is wrong. If you have a manual transmission, you may hear grinding as you are shifting into gear. This is likely caused by a worn clutch or a clutch in need of adjustment. It could also be a worn-out or damaged synchro or a number of other factors.


Signs That Your Car Needs a Transmission Flush

In most cases, getting a transmission flush every 30,000 miles, or every two years or so is sufficient. However, there may be times when you need to get a transmission flush sooner, in order to help protect your car’s transmission. There are some common signs that you need to perform a transmission flush on your car or truck.

Transmission Grinding or Strange Noises

A vehicle transmission that is contaminated with dirt, grease and sludge can display symptoms very similar to inadequate levels of transmission fluid. When driving your vehicle, if you notice your transmission grinding or making strange sounds, you should stop the vehicle and check the transmission fluid level while the engine is still running. Insure that the transmission fluid color is bright red and not brown or black because of grime or sludge. If the fluid level of the transmission is acceptable, your vehicle probably needs a transmission flush.

Problems Shifting Gears

Regardless if you drive an automatic or manual, your car requires clean transmission fluid that flows easily throughout your car’s transmission. A transmission that contains too much dirt or sludge will cause sluggish response in the transmission which will result in your vehicle changing gears too quickly or too late while driving. In manual transmission vehicles, you may find it very hard to change gears at all.

Slipping Gears

A dirty transmission may cause a lack of hydraulic power, much the same as not having enough transmission fluid will cause. In order to stay in the appropriate gear, the transmission must develop enough pressure. When a transmission is too dirty, contaminants may interfere with the flow of transmission fluid that helps with this. If you’re transmission has no other problems, and the fluid level of the transmission is full (or close to it), the problem is probably restricted fluid flow due to a buildup of dirt and contaminants that need to be flushed out.

Surging of the Vehicle

When your vehicle’s transmission is polluted with a lot of dirt and contaminants, and needs a transmission flush, you may notice unexplainable surging of your vehicle. Because your car’s dirty transmission does not allow for adequate transmission fluid flow, your vehicle may tend to jump or surge forward and fall backwards for no good reason. This is caused by inconsistent flow of clean transmission fluid that is needed to ensure smooth operation of the gears and other moving parts inside the transmission bell housing.

Delay in Vehicle Movement

Another sign that your vehicle may have contaminated transmission fluid is when the vehicle stalls for one or two seconds before moving after having been put in gear. If there are no other problems with the transmission, a transmission flush may help.


Automatic Transmission Maintenance

The health of an automatic transmission is less dependent on users driving style, but it’s smart to avoid taxing your transmission whenever possible. Heat is the enemy of an automatic transmission, and if you feel it struggling on a long incline in a higher gear, downshift it manually. This will bring your RPMs up, but relieve stress on your transmission. If you notice your transmission “slipping”—which means it doesn’t hold a gear, or it is continuing to search for gears—then have it serviced immediately to avoid further damage.

Learn how to check your transmission fluid level. It should be a cherry red color and have a sweet smell to it. If you notice anything different, including the fluid smelling burnt, get your transmission serviced immediately.

There is much debate on flushing versus draining an automatic transmission. Transmission issues after performing a flush are often blamed on loose particles and sediment in the transmission being spread around during the flushing process. But draining a transmission doesn’t always ensure all of the fluid is removed. To do that you may often have to remove the transmission oil pan, which is an extra step compared to just removing the plug. Re-installing the transmission oil pan requires a new gasket, so make sure you have that if you are doing this job yourself. Check out our guide for changing your automatic transmission fluid.


Tips to Help Extend the Life of Your Transmission

Although many aspects of transmission maintenance should be done by a mechanic, there are certain things you can do yourself to keep tabs on how your car is running.

Check Your Transmission Fluid

If you have a manual transmission car, this may not be an option for you – or at least may not be as simple. However, if you have an automatic transmission, you will likely have a second dipstick under the hood of your car. Most people have checked their oil level before and checking the transmission fluid level is similar. In addition to looking at the level of fluid, you’ll want to pay attention to its color, smell, and consistency.

Don’t Shift Gears Until You’re Fully Stopped

For automatic transmission cars, when you shift from reverse into drive while your car is still moving, you’re putting extra strain on your transmission. That can lead to serious problems down the road and it will shorten the lifespan of your car’s transmission, costing you a lot more money.

Don’t Ride Your Brake

When you keep your foot on the brake while also accelerating, you’re not just wearing down your brakes faster. This also makes your transmission work harder because the car is working against itself. Over time, this is going to make the parts within your transmission wear down faster, meaning sooner and costlier transmission repairs for you.

Is it Time To Change Your Oil? AAMCO Utah.

Pay Attention to Engine Temperature

In general, heat is not good for longevity with cars. While this applies to climate and weather, it also applies to how well your cooling system is functioning. If you notice your cooling system working overtime, it may be time to get it checked out. If your engine is consistently running warmer than usual, it can cause extra wear and tear on the parts within your transmission, leading to costly transmission repairs.

Be Mindful of Using a Spare Tire

You will most likely have to use a spare tire at some point and that’s fine – but it should be limited as much as possible. That’s because driving on mismatched tires causes extra strain on your car’s transmission.

Listen to Your Car

More specifically, pay attention to how your car drives and changes gears. If you notice this becoming more difficult or erratic, there is likely an issue with your transmission. In this case, you can check your transmission fluid level but you should also make an appointment with local transmission experts to get it diagnosed.

Things To Consider Before Entering Into A Home Builder Project

You can change anything in your home

Building Solutions

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concrete manufacturer, powering some of the biggest infrastructure projects across the country. Concrete is committed to producing high-quality as well as cost-effective products, to suit every demand. We not only consider our product’s quality but also its aesthetic appeal. At Concrete, design and durability go hand-in-hand. We represent a perfect amalgamation of concrete solutions that have proven the test of time.

Ready Mixed Concrete ?

Concrete is specially designed to achieve the right kind of properties, behaviour, composition and performance. It is superior to conventional concrete and has multiple applications. Expert quality systems for managing raw materials, efficient raw mix design, cube test results – all help analyse data and help study client requirements. Expertise in dispatch and tracking ensures optimum order booking and visibility of deliveries.

Speciality Concrete ?

Concrete is the most vital material in modern construction. The latest developments in concrete technology have made it possible to use it in intricate and architecturally complex structures, requiring high degree of performance and aesthetic appearance. The advent of commercial is about a decade old, but in recent years it has become the preferred choice of architects, engineers, and consumers.

Building a Green World

Cement is an essential material for today’s society as concrete is made from cement, which is an inevitable element for housing, commercial and infrastructure development. Measured on a kilogram per capita basis, concrete is the second most widely consumed material in the world, second only to water. Cement manufacturing processes have seen an increasing amount of local impacts (landscape disturbance, dust emission) and global impacts (CO2, SOx and NOx emissions). Due to these impacts, sustainable development has recently become a major strategic issue for cement manufacturers around the world. The cement industry is giving very specific attention for managing CO2 emissions.


The Ultimate Step by Step Guide to the Home Building Process

When your new home is being built, you can take one of two approaches. You can be a passive observer and let a contractor do their job without interference. When you take this, you had better be sure that you trust your contractor to follow your wishes. Instead, you can take an active approach and act as your own contractor. It is this approach that will be discussed below.

Is It Possible To Be Your Own Contractor?

Yes, it is more than possible. At this point, you might be thinking that it takes a lot of experience and knowledge to do this kind of thing properly. However, we are not talking about taking the place of those who actually do the work. Those people are called subcontractors. Rather, you can act as a general contractor.

A general contractor coordinates the activities of various subcontractors. Although this job certainly requires some skill, it can be done. In essence, all you have to do is make the schedules of the various subcontractors work in a harmonious way. This helps the work to be done more efficiently. That is the entire essence of the job. By taking on this job for yourself, you can save some serious money.

Finding The Right Subcontractors

This is where intelligent and successful contractors will be separated from those who are not so intelligent. It is certainly easy to find a group of people that are willing to do some construction work. However, finding good people can be a lot more difficult.

Laying The Foundation

During this phase of construction, workers will level the area and place wooden boards around the edges to form a container. Concrete is then poured into this mold to form the foundation of the house.




Building a new home means you get exactly what you want and how you want it. No compromises on the layout of the home, or interior finishes and fixtures, so you get the perfect home for your family and lifestyle

You can choose from a wide and wonderful range of home sites in purpose-planned estates with lakes, walkways, parks, and close to schools, shops and amenities, or build on your own block of land

You can avoid potential problems with renovating an older home, due to hidden faults or unexpected issues

Want to know how much you can save on stamp duty? Use Stamp Duty Calculator.

You could save money while your new home is being built: payments are staggered throughout the process so you don’t have to come up with all the money up front

If you’re a first home buyer you may be eligible for grants from federal and state governments and also additional stamp duty savings. Find out about the First Home Owner Grant

You also save money buying a new home, because you only pay stamp duty on the cost of the land, not the building (unlike an established home)


Once you’ve made the decision to build a new home, finding the right builder for your new home is very important. Your builder needs to be reliable, trustworthy and well-established so you can rest easy knowing your new home build is in good hands.


Finding the right home design is an important and exciting decision! Explore our extensive range of stunning new home designs and visit our display centres to find the right home design to suit your family’s lifestyle.

Need ideas for interior design?

Explore LookBook section for ideas and inspiration about how to customise your home and scrapbook your favourite interior design ideas for reference. You will have the opportunity to make your home your own with extensive customisation options at StudioM, our cutting-edge selection centres.



Home Prep is our new and exciting step-by-step guide to the building process. This book is not your typical glossy brochure, it is not designed to sell you one of our homes, or any home for that matter. What it is, is a practical guide to making informed decisions about the whole building process, including deciding whether to build new, and choosing the right builder, so you have a great building experience.

experience, research and customer feedback, the aim of the book is to help you achieve your dream home with no regrets. With the help we want you to work through this tool at your own pace, and you’ll cover off all sorts of questions you may otherwise not have thought about, giving you the confidence to get exactly what you want in your new home.

Is building a new home the right choice for me?

One of the first things to consider is whether to buy an existing home or build a new one.

Location may be your main priority, and of course affordability plays a big part, but you should also consider the benefits of a new home over existing:

New homes will meet newer, more rigid, building and compliance standards, e.g. new homes will be double glazed and better insulated.

Better quality materials.

You get what you want, a home designed for your family and lifestyle.

Less ongoing maintenance.

No messy renovations.

And generally speaking a new home gives you better performance and more chance of equity.

When it comes time to sell – will it be easier to resell a newly built home?


A Guide for Home Builders

Understanding the Permitting Process

This website summarizes the basic steps to getting a permit. The steps you go through will depend on the characteristics of your property and on your goals for developing the property.

Step-by-Step Guide to Getting a Home Building Permit

Navigate the process for developing property in unincorporated County by clicking on the numbered boxes below. Learn the county’s requirements and procedures from concept to completion for your project. Find out the key elements involved, tips to expedite the process, and quick access to the resources you will need along the way.

General Description of Building Permit Process

Two Basic Phases

There are two basic phases to the building permit process:

Application submittal: When permit applications are submitted, county staff reviews the applications and building plans for compliance with building and land-use codes.

Construction inspection: Construction inspection takes place after a building permit has been issued. A building inspector approves each part of the project as it progresses, checking to see that the work is done safely nd in accordance with the approved plans and codes.

Two Basic Types of Permits

Building permits can be processed either as a “regular permit“ — where a site plan and building plans are submitted for review — or as a “minor permit.

  1. Regular permits: Regular permits are building permits issued for new construction work or remodeling work. Building plans are submitted, the plan is reviewed by staff, and staff may request revisions and subsequent reviews to verify that corrections have been made. To avoid or reduce the number of subsequent plan checks (and avoid overtime fees), please be certain to incorporate all of the corrections into the plans. A site plan must accompany all building permits and include all required items from the site plan submittal checklist. Regular permits may take weeks — or even months — to process, depending on the site conditions and the complexity of the project.
  2. Minor permits are likely to be issued “over-the-counter” and generally do not require building plans. They include: installing plumbing fixtures, adding heating equipment, adding or replacing gas appliances, gas piping, replacing roofing, replacing windows, or replacing siding. For minor permit (SA 006), county staff will review the application at the counter while you wait. If the application is complete, a minor permit can be issued in a single visit.

Successful Home Remodeling

How do I remodel my whole house?

Home renovation is a huge project that can start off simple. You peel back a corner of carpeting on Saturday morning, and a lightbulb goes off in your head: Why not refinish these hardwood floors?

Six months later, that mere refinishing project has led to torn-down walls, pried up floorboards and decommissioned bedrooms. But the flip side of this is you end up with a gorgeous, refinished house for a fraction of the cost it would have cost to buy a new house.

A full-house renovation is quite a different matter. It doesn’t — or shouldn’t — begin with pulling up the carpet. It should begin with real-world realizations about the scale of this project and dedicated planning.

Consider these seven points before picking up that hammer or calling the contractor.

  1. Decide to Do It Yourself or Hire Professionals

You will either hire out the work to professionals, do it yourself or some combination of the two.

As this is a whole-house renovation, you likely will not be doing all of the work yourself. Even the most determined homeowner will have to call in professional tradesmen for projects like plumbing and electrical.

Professionals range from expensive contractors to sub-contractors and handymen you find through word-of-mouth or through classified ads. Since not all home renovation projects are created equally, you will want to consider on a case-by-case basis whether you are capable of taking on the home renovation project yourself or whether you wish to hire professionals.

It’s good to know, though, that one way to reduce costs in contractor-driven remodels is to take on some of the projects yourself. Contractors don’t especially like using subs other than their “own people.” But if that “other person” is you, and your piece doesn’t impact the remodel’s progress, he should be amenable (suggestion: save your piece for the last, such as painting the kitchen).

  1. Formulate a Plan for Funding Your Project

Your home remodeling project will cost you more than you care to know. So it’s best to come up with a range of funding options. Your choice of funding options may range from simple sweat equity on up to the traditional home equity loan.

  1. Consider the Resale Value

Today, the majority of American homeowners sell their house at least once. Gone are the days when homeowners rode out their 30-year mortgage to the end. Not only are you renovating your house for you, but also for future buyers.

  1. Become Comfortable With Managing Contractors and Work Crews

Notwithstanding your rock-solid decision to do it all yourself, you will inevitably find yourself hiring someone to help. You will need to know how to manage work crews.

  1. Develop Plan for Saving on Remodeling Costs

From designers’ fees, contractors’ commissions and The Home Depot credit cards: home remodeling seems designed to drain your piggy bank as fast as possible. But there are tried and true ways to save on home remodeling costs, on everything from kitchen to bathroom.

  1. Think Ahead to Permit and Zoning Issues

Building permits take notoriously long to get approved. Electrical permits and permits for demolition or fences may not take more than a few days, but large-scale projects involving zoning, like building a home addition, may take many weeks or months.

  1. Take Safety and Cleanliness Seriously

It’s good to consider things like lead-based paint before sanding down that 80-year-old hand-railing. Avoiding mess when painting your house interior is just as important as developing a plan for keeping out dust from clean areas of your house.


Get a Clear Vision

visualizing home remodel planLet’s clarify a few things first. It’s important to consider if you really want a whole house remodel because it’s not a small DIY project that you can simply abandon if you lose interest. Are you sure you can manage and oversee the remodeling process from start to finish? Is it something you consider worth investing in? These questions can help you decide whether to proceed or not.

Once you’ve decided to push through, start envisioning what you want for your home. The beauty of an entire house remodel is that you can create exactly the home you want, so it’s worthwhile investing the time and energy understanding precisely what is important to you and your family.


Hiring a Contractor

The most important step of any home renovation project is your choice of who to hire.  It is critical you choose a contractor that meets your needs and understands your home renovation goals.  Do not choose based on price.  Experience and references are important factors in making your choice.  By selecting the right contractor, your project has a higher chance of going more smoothly, have less headaches, and finish on time and within budget.  So do not rush this decision and be sure to do your due diligence.

Resale Value of Whole House Renovations

There may be many different reasons to embark upon a whole house renovation.  But the common question for all homeowners is what is the return on your renovation investment.  Market conditions determine the ultimate answer, but there is data that you can tap to get an idea how renovating your home will increase its value.  Look at similar projects in your area as well as homes of similar size and what they are currently selling for.



Budget is one of the most important factors in this decision. If you can afford to renovate your whole home at once, we will generally recommend it. While the initial cost is higher than renovating one room at a time, it is much cheaper in the long run.

The full-home renovations cost less in the long run because it is efficient. In addition to getting everything out of the way at once, it also means the overall labour costs will be lower. Every project requires set-up. Doing projects one room at a time means paying set up costs multiple times. For example, if you are having the floors done in the living room you will have to pay for the set-up costs when the labourers prep the floor. If you do the kitchen floor at a later date, you will again have to pay for someone to come in and prepare that floor. Having both floors set up at once would require one visit instead of two, thereby being more cost effective overall.

In the same vein, there are clean-up costs with any project. Doing all your projects at once means doing your clean up all at once. This means less labour hours and cleanup equipment only has to be brought in once. The same logic applies to garbage removal and dumpsters.


Tips to Maximize Your Whole-House Remodel

If a whole-house remodel or second-story addition is in your future, here’s are 10 tips to maximize your investment, increase the functionality of your home and make future work easier. Keeping them in mind when working with your architect or contractor could help lower your costs and stress during your next remodel.

Consider water.

Don’t add bathrooms without looking carefully at your water supply lines and the capacity of your water heater. A smaller tank or one with lengthy recovery times may not meet your needs. This is especially true if you select a new 80-gallon soaking tub and you have a 50-gallon tank. Consider a separate tankless or tank heater for your second story, or a larger tank with a recirculation pump that keeps hot water right at your taps. Also consider how large your street-side water supply lines are. If you add enough fixtures, the plumbing code may require you to upgrade to a larger supply line. And if you still have galvanized piping, this is probably the time to take it all out.

Get the right gas meter.

More gas appliances usually means a larger meter. Most utility providers will require you to add up the BTU (British thermal unit) requirements of your appliances (furnace, water heater, range, washer-dryer, barbecue, fireplace) and size your meter accordingly. Or maybe you’re adding that barbecue and fireplace in a few years? Sizing the meter larger now and running pipe where you will need it can save you money in the future.

Deaden the sound.

While your friends will not be able to admire all that pretty insulation in your walls, they will be relieved to not hear what’s going on in the powder room since you insulated all the walls with sound insulation. You can choose from Rockwool insulation, sound board or drywall specifically designed to deaden sound transmission through wall cavities. Using resilient channels in ceilings can also help stop sound transmission from one floor or room to another. You may also want sound insulation around your laundry room and media room and in shared bedroom walls.

Advice On The Immigration Lawyer

The most absurd things ever to happen to immigration lawyers

In immigration law, at least, it appears wave function collapse only occurs when the decision is observed by a judge.

Clearly, the judge thought he had uncovered the most brazen plan for obtaining an adjournment to ever grace the hallowed halls of the First-tier Tribunal.

Companionship, trust and mutual respect are all well and good but it’s not a genuine and subsisting relationship unless you buy her a Peloton bike for Christmas.

Home Office caseworkers are not known for their theological scholarship but this one still takes the Communion wafer.

For my own peace of mind, I have to assume this decision was made by someone who has never eaten chicken, and not someone who eats their chicken neat.


Specialist Immigration advice for individuals and businesses around the world

Please keep an eye on regular news updates for information on how the situation is disrupting usual immigration applications and the important things to be aware of. The main thing to avoid is overstaying your current permission to be in the as doing so could harm future immigration applications.

In the current climate of civil penalties and even custodial sentences, it is essential that employers understand the pitfalls to avoid when employing non EEA workers

can advise on:

Checking your employees’ identity documents to ensure that they are legally able to work for you and to avoid the imposition of a civil penalty

Dealing with the imposition of a civil penalty ( which can be as high as $20000 per illegal worker)

Dealing with undocumented Commonwealth Citizens in light of the recent revelations about the “Windrush Generation”

Sponsoring skilled workers from abroad- applying for a sponsorship licence, assigning certificates of sponsorship and the duties of a licensed sponsor

Advising your EEA national employees on their possible options in the light of concerns about Brexit


Civil penalties and custodial sentences can now be imposed on landlords and their agents if property is rented to tenants who are not entitled to rent can advise landlords and property agents on how to check their tenants’ documents, how to proceed if a tenant is no longer permitted to rent in and how to deal with undocumented Commonwealth Citizens in light of the recent revelations about the “Windrush Generation”.


can advise schools as employers but also as the sponsors of overseas students under Tier 4 of the Points Based System.


How To Appeal Against Deportation and Deportation Orders

Where the Secretary of State or an immigration officer is considering deportation or removal of a person who claims that their deportation or removal from would be a breach of the right to respect for private and family life under Article 8 of the Human Rights Convention, Part 13 of the Rules will apply.

Deportation Rules

Part 13 of the Immigration Rules state that deportation may be considered where the Secretary of State deems the person’s deportation to be conducive to the public good

Deportation order

Where the person is the spouse, or civil partner or child under 18 of a person ordered to be deported, and where a court recommends deportation in the case of a person over the age of 17 who has been convicted of an offence punishable with imprisonment, a deportation order can be challenged under Article 8 ECHR (the right to private and family life).

Where there is automatic deportation as a result of a prison sentence of 4 years or more, deportation can only be challenged where there are very compelling circumstances. If the person being deported is seriously ill, this may be very compelling.

If you have a deportation order made against you as a result of a prison sentence of one year or more, but less than 4 years, and you have a parental relationship with a child under 18 who is a British citizen or has lived in



  • Is your career — or your family’s happiness — in danger because of your immigration status?
  • Have you or a family member received a deportation or removal notice that threatens the life you’ve built in the United States?
  • Are you an employer who needs to bring more workers into the U.S. — or to protect a key contributor whose visa has expired?

The Law Group team offers a full range of immigration law services, representing clients nationwide before the U.S. Department of Homeland Security; overseas before the U.S. Department of State; and at all levels of the federal court system. happy to help with routine matters, such as visa processing, but greatest strength is serving clients with high-stakes deportation cases that require special knowledge.

A sub-specialty: Cases that need “saving” after things have gone wrong. Some of clients are far into removal proceedings by the time they call us — perhaps because they’ve relied on the wrong immigration lawyer, or because they’ve tried to represent themselves.

is a seasoned removal defense attorney. He is known for pushing deportation cases past bureaucratic obstacles and, if needed, into federal courts, where he has won several favorable precedents. has a particular interest in the immigration consequences of criminal arrests and convictions. A member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), he also serves as chair of the Federal Bar Association’s Professional Ethics Committee and holds a Top Secret security clearance.

challenged the validity of an immigration regulation that barred arriving aliens from seeking permanent resident status if they’ve already been placed in removal proceedings — as is technically the case with millions of foreign nationals who are routinely “paroled” into the United States. A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit agreed that the regulation “is not based on a permissible construction of the governing statute,” invalidating it for cases brought in that jurisdiction.

was perhaps even more far-reaching. After U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) failed to act in a timely manner on clients’ applications for naturalization, advised them to pursue their case in a federal court instead, as the law allows. While the lawsuit was pending, however, USCIS tried to deny clients’ previous applications — an action for which claimed the agency no longer had authority.


Points-Based and Family Immigration

The Guide to Law Online is an annotated compendium of Internet links; a portal of Internet sources of interest to legal researchers. Although the Guide is selective, inclusion of a site by no means constitutes endorsement by the Law Library of Congress

In compiling this list, emphasis wherever possible has been on sites offering the full texts of laws, regulations, and court decisions, along with commentary from lawyers writing primarily for other lawyers. Materials related to law and government that were written by or for lay persons also have been included, as have government sites that provide even quite general information about themselves or their agencies.

Every direct source listed here was successfully tested before being added to the list. Users, however, should be aware that changes of Internet addresses and file names are frequent, and even sites that usually function well do not always do so. Thus a successful connection may sometimes require several attempts. If such an attempt to access a file indicates an error, the information can sometimes still be accessed by truncating the URL address to access a directory at the site

Administrative Law Guide

Administrative law, commonly called regulatory law, is created and enforced by an administrative body; e.g., the Department of Labor, the Federal Communications Commission, or the President.  This guide provides techniques and recommended resources to help get you started in this area of law.

Beginner’s Guides to Legal Research

If you are working in an unfamiliar area of law, and do not know where to begin, our Beginner’s Guide series gives you a great selection of treatises, cases, statutes, and regulations to jump-start your research project.

Do You Need To Hire A Professional Wedding Photographer To Help In Your Wedding

Things Wedding Photographers Secretly Wish You’d Tell Them

the relevant discipline today being weddings. While I’m waiting for your call, I thought I’d take the opportunity to share with you some of the less obvious information that I (and other wedding photographers) are going to want to know before your big day…

The names and phone numbers of our wedding day co-workers.

We’re going to be working closely with your other wedding vendors, especially your DJ and your wedding planner or day-of coordinator. In some cases, it can be immensely helpful to know this information. That way, we can interface with them directly and remove you as a middle-man. (Or woman.) We can begin collaborating before your wedding day, and we can start to create a teamwork mentality. A lot of photographers don’t ask for this information and most will do just fine without it. But when we do have it, we’ll usually take advantage of it. If you volunteer this information to us, we’ll appreciate it and be impressed with your organization.

The names of your whole entire family and every single person in your wedding party.

Photographers with experience know how much better it is to practice learning people’s names before they show up. Photography specifically requests all these names from our wedding clients. But many years ago, we’d try and wing it. Do you know how awkward it can feel to be standing in front of 30 or 40 people who all know your name, but for whom “hey you” is the best you can muster? Hint: very awkward. And it’s exceptionally difficult to be a bold, creative artist when you feel super duper awkward. If you’ve hired a newer photographer, this probably isn’t even on their radar, so just send them the names.

If there is anyone who needs special considerations.

This includes things like hearing, vision, and mobility impairments or less obvious things, like strong aversions to flash lighting, a tendency to overheat or if someone sweats a lot more than average. Having this kind of information in advance lets your photographer make more calculated decisions at more convenient times. Photography we build in some time to scope out a location either in advance or on the day of the wedding. We can make a more considered effort with this time if we know that someone in the family or wedding party needs a wheelchair. If it’s going to be a hot day, we can avoid the open field, so the best man isn’t soaked in sweat at the reception. If one of the bridesmaids has severe allergies, we could skip the garden. Of course, without any of this info, a good photographer should still be able to wing it. But you’ve paid for their time and creativity, why not help them be as efficient as possible?

If there is ANY family drama.

If your mother-in-law really didn’t think you should get a photo booth with lots of silly props, it would probably be best that we don’t hand her one of those props on the dance floor. Or if say your parents are separated and having trouble getting along, knowing this can help us avoid exacerbating the problem on your wedding day. (This is especially important information during the family formals, where family conflicts have a way of showing up.) It could feel a little awkward discussing personal issues with your photographer, but it can make things way less unpleasant later. When there is family drama, big or small, we want to know. A great wedding photographer is out to capture the best of your relationships during your wedding. Even if there is drama of some sort, there will still be smiling faces, and honest, heartfelt exchanges. We’d like to keep it that way.


Wedding Tips From a Photographer Turned Bride

I was chatting with one of my brides recently and she asked me, “What are the keys to having a successful wedding day?”. To which I replied, “Listen up my young Padawan, I have much to teach you…”  After an outpouring of a lifetime of solid-gold wedding advice from a matrimonial guru, she, with jaw on the floor, replied that it was only fair that this veritable treasure trove of ceremonial knowledge be bestowed upon the rest of the wedding world. (I’m joking, of course..but I like to pretend it was this dramatic 😉 )

At the same time that I was coming up with this list, ‘I Do Venues‘ asked asked me to write up some tips from my industry experience, paired with what I’m learning, now in my own wedding-planning-process.. so here is what I came up with–hope it’s helpful 😉

Determine What’s Important: There are so many traditions and timelines and faux pas that at some point, the wedding industry decided we all have to accommodate and include when planning our nuptial celebration..From cake cutting to first dances to garters and bouquets to party favors.. lets be real– none of these things are really detrimental to the real purpose of the day (for you and your babe to get married!) but they can certainly add an element of fun, but only if they mean something to you. To make this process more focused and meaningful, I tell my friends and clients to list the three things that are important to them on their wedding day. Dancing? Photography? The perfect venue? The amount of guests attending? The dress? Whatever it may be, don’t feel bad about it! It’s your day and you and your fiancé get to choose what is a priority 🙂 Let those things get the majority of the wedding budget, time and effort, and if there’s room for the other stuff, great! But focus on the stuff you’re excited about first, and then see what else you feel like fitting in 🙂

First Look: If I were to give one piece of advice to a couple it would be to STRONGLY consider doing a First Look.

What’s a First Look? It’s when the bride and groom see each other before the ceremony, have a few moments alone, and get portraits done before-hand. There are several ways to do this, but a lot of the time, the groom will go away from the craziness and get set up in a certain location and the bride will then come to him and either tap on his shoulder or say his name for him to turn around, or they’ll close their eyes and face each other and do the big reveal together..you get the idea..Why do I recommend this? Because weddings go by SO fast, I feel like it’s the one time the couple can slow down and be alone together (photographers should be very photojournalistic during this time, and let the couple have their moment before insisting on any poses or anything like that). It’s such a special moment—I’ve seen couples pray together, say their vows or affirm each other, exchange gifts.. It’s awesome! Doing a First Look really frees you up and allows you to relax during cocktail hour or mingle with your guests. If you’re having a lot of friends and family coming in from out of state, this is definitely something you’ll want to consider. Most importantly, you want to feel like your married. You don’t want a photographer or a coordinator rushing you along in order to keep you on time. You want your day to be enjoyable and smooth and for that, getting as much done before hand is ALWAYS helpful. Most importantly, this private moment alone really sets the tone for the rest of the day, calms nerves, and gives the couple a chance to connect before the moment they are standing at the altar together. I totally get the tradition of waiting until the bride walks down the aisle..but if you’re prone to stress or anxiety especially, the First Look can be a calming and tone-setting alternative..

Hire Vendors That You Like: If you’ve been in a bridal party, you know that a bride and groom spend a majority of their wedding with their vendors. Like choosing the friends you want by your side on your wedding day, you want to choose vendors whose company you enjoy, who you trust, and who will help your day be more fun and less stressful, rather than the other way around.


Things Only Wedding Photographers Can Truly Appreciate

Wedding photography can be an incredibly fun job, but it’s not without its stressful moments. When you’re neck deep in a shoot, you have to stop and appreciate the little things that only wedding photographers will truly understand. Here’s a short list of those private joys. Feel free to add your own in the comments and let this bit of fun take you away from the current election cycle.

When you meet with a bride and groom and they have actually looked at your work and know your overall style is to their liking.

You book an engagement shoot and it happens on the scheduled date with no weather issues or last-minute rescheduling.

You miss a shot and your second shooter shows you a perfect frame on the back of their camera.

You’re editing and go through two out-of-focus frames, then the last one is perfectly sharp.

You walk into the reception venue and the walls and ceiling are perfect for bouncing flash.

You get paid on time without having to remind the couple—or even mention it to them.

The couple uses the preview photos you sent them as their Facebook profile pictures and not the smartphone shot from Uncle Bob.

There’s a guest at the wedding with a fancy camera and they say, “Don’t worry, I’ll stay out of your shots,” and they actually do.

The vendor meal is awesome and you get to eat it somewhere that’s not a closet.

You send the couple the link to their online gallery and they respond right away with their reaction so you don’t have to fret about whether they’re happy with your work.

The couple says, “We would rather order prints from you than take them to a drug store or something like that.”

You notice the bride is wearing a hairband around her wrist before you start taking the portraits.

You remember to sync all your camera clocks before you start shooting.

You go to take the big family photo and everyone is present without having to send someone from the bridal party to search for them.

You have so many great photos from a wedding that it’s hard to cut down enough for a blog post.

You share a photo or blog post on Facebook and the almighty algorithm allows it to actually get some decent reach.

It rains all day and then the sun comes out for just long enough to shoot some epic portraits.

Sitting in a quiet car having just finished shooting for the night.

The bride or groom says, “We scheduled the outdoor ceremony in the late afternoon when the sun is going down,” instead of, “The ceremony is at noon.”

You go home with no business cards left because so many people asked you for them.


Things Your “Cheap” Wedding Photographer Won’t Tell You

You only need them for a “couple of hours” to give you a “few pictures” to remember your wedding day. So that $150 an hour is a lot of money for those four hours and honestly, you wish you could make that kind of dough. They are only “snapping a few pictures” and you only want a “disc of images”, right?

So you are opting for one of two things for your wedding photographs:

  1. You’re going to get one of your cousins who owns one of those “expensive” cameras that takes wonderful pictures to photograph your wedding or…
  2. Your going to find the cheapest person you can because, well, ANYONE can “snap a few pictures” and if they have a good camera, it should be just fine!

If you really want to risk that you’re going to really HATE your wedding photos later, then by all means, you should “take a chance” and see what happens.

hey’re cheap because they have no experience photographing weddings.

I see this all the time. Brides scouring Craigslist or wedding vendor sites looking for the “cheap” photographer. The cheapest they can find. Most “newbie” photographers will offer to do your wedding at rock bottom prices. “Well, they ARE advertized in “The Knot”, so I bet they have been vetted by them!”.

$600 is making a LOT of money for a couple of hours of work.

The actual “taking of your photos” for $600 would be a lot of money- if that was all there was to it.

Newbie (aka Cheap) Photographers usually aren’t “legal”.

A legal business must be properly licensed, insured, and collect and pay sales taxes to the State they work in. There are WAY too many that call themselves “professional photographers” who aren’t. If something should go badly wrong, then you have little or no recourse for what you just paid them. Hiring one of these means you are taking more than a little chance, but you are taking a very big one. Make sure your photographer is fully legal to do business in the State you live.


Things Your Wedding Photographer Wants You To Know

Allow extra time on the day

When making your wedding day itinerary, be sure to plan enough time for your wedding photography. This includes traveling to and from a shoot location – whether it is driving to the beach or walking down rows of vineyards – it all takes time.

Clean up before you get ready

Getting ready photos can look beautiful and are a great way for your photographer to begin documenting the story of your wedding day. However, these photos don’t turn out so well if there is half eaten plates of food, or last night’s laundry in the shots.

Engagement photography is a great idea!

Engagement photography prepares you for your wedding, it’s like a trial run. It makes you comfortable in front of the camera and lets the photographer discover the best way capture you. It is a great opportunity to break the ice with your photographer – you will also end up receiving some great photos of your and your partner.

Uncle Joe and his camera cannot replace a professional photographer

How many times have we heard of a couple not choosing a professional wedding photographer because they know someone with a good camera instead? Too many!

Take time to enjoy the first kiss

Another one of the most important things your wedding photographer want you to know. It may be a small moment but it is so important. It is your first kiss as a marriage couple – it only happens once so enjoy and  don’t rush it – make it last!

Check These Quick Facts About Visiting A Football Chiropractor

Why would someone need a chiropractor?

While the first step to living a healthy and active lifestyle is a healthy spine, routine chiropractic adjustments aren’t just for the spine. Ailments like migraines, to bursitis of the big toe, and everything in between can be treated effectively and safely with chiropractic care.

Chiropractors possess broad skills and are trained to recommend the best therapeutic and rehabilitation practices to patients in their care. Everyone benefits from routine adjustments – from active adults, to growing children, to seniors, to athletes with chronic injuries. Even if you aren’t experiencing an acute issue and you feel “OK” on a daily basis, you can still benefit from routine chiropractic adjustments.

One of the goals of chiropractic care is restoration of the body’s function and prevention of injury. Committing to ongoing chiropractic care is a method of proactivity, putting you on the best path toward optimal and sustained health for your lifetime.

How Does Chiropractic Care Work?

Chiropractic care is a natural and drug-free pathway to wellness that encompasses your entire body. Even if your back doesn’t hurt and you don’t suffer from plaguing headaches, an adjustment is just plain good for you, on a very regular basis. No specific complaint to share with your chiropractor during your appointment? Not an issue! Your chiropractor will review your health history and perform a limited physical exam. Insight into your diet, daily activities, and exercise regime will be taken into consideration. Your body will be assessed top to bottom, reviewing your joints in your arms, legs, hips, and neck.

If you do present an issue, chiropractors can treat pain through physical manipulation and alignment of your musculoskeletal structure. This type of treatment directly addresses the cause of pain instead of treating symptoms. It allows your body to heal itself by putting muscles, joints, bones, and connective tissues like cartilage, ligaments, and tendons back in their proper place to positively influence your nervous system’s functionality.


Benefits you might not have known:

  • Improves joint mobility, function and health.
  • Makes tight muscles loose and loose muscles tight and improves the contractibility (thereby strength) of the muscle.
  • Decreases degeneration of the joint and connective tissues (arthritis).
  • Decreases the on-­-going inflammatory process associated with the subluxation.
  • Improves circulation taking stagnant blood out and bringing new blood in.
  • Speeds up the recovery process.
  • Improves nerve system function and the individual nerve’s ability to carry nerve impulses more efficiently.
  • Strengthens the immune system.


Reasons You Should Consider Seeing A Chiropractor

Let’s take a look at the top ten health issues we successfully treat every day :


Chiropractic treatment for neck and back pain is especially effective. People with bad posture tend to get that way because something is slightly out of alignment within the spine. As a method of reducing pain, a patient may shift their position, and unknowingly exacerbating the problem, and causing it to spread. A Chiropractor can treat the source of the pain, sometimes in as little as a single visit. The result is that the patient is then able to use proper posture, and be pain free.


As above, neck pain can be the result of poor posture. With chiropractic adjustments, the entire spine including the back and neck can be put back into proper alignment, thereby reducing neck pain.


We have treated many patients suffering from conditions such as Carpal Tunnel syndrome, who experience pain, tingling and even numbness in their wrists. Often these types of symptoms are the result of compression on the carpal nerves within the wrist. The culprit? Very often, the bones within the arms, wrists and hands need an adjustment.


By treating other structures within the body, such as the neck and back, many types of headaches can be treated and cured. In fact, a study by Duke University found that chiropractic treatment for headaches was more effective than taking pain medications!


Let’s face it, when our body hurts, it can cause us to have a feeling of tiredness and fatigue. The body is in a constant state of attempting to fight the pain, which can really wear us down. The good news is that most of our patients at BROADWAY AT YEW Chiropractic & Massage report a feeling of invigoration following the treatment.


Treating the Cause

The essence of chiropractic care is that treatment focusses on the root cause of the problem, not just the symptoms. Compared to prescribed medications in a recent study, it was in fact found that 56% of patients who saw a doctor, saw a 30% reduction in low back pain after 4 weeks. But 94% of patients who underwent Chiropractic treatment saw a 30% reduction in low back pain after 4 weeks. Vertigo for example is a condition that is found to be much more effectively treated with chiropractic care, as rather than simply dealing with the symptoms of the condition, the Chiropractor will move you in to specific positions to reestablish the balance within the ear.

Improve Sleep

A National Sleep Foundation poll found that 60% of American adults experience sleep problems at some time. In fact, according to the APTA Move Forward survey, 37% of adults said that LBP affects their sleep, with over half stating that they suffer from poor sleep quality. Chiropractic treatment and the manipulation therapies used are believed to help to improve blood flow in patients, which is essential for great sleep. Chiropractors also focus on correcting misalignments or subluxations in the spine. These subluxations lead to a process called stress response which puts the body out of balance and does not let the body rest.

Assists with Chronic Pain

In a first session with a patient with chronic pain, a chiropractor will aim to get to the root of the problem, working out where inflammation and muscle tension may be occurring and building an effective treatment plan. It is this approach that causes so many to turn to a chiropractor for help with chronic pain. For those with long term conditions, a study has shown that chiropractic care is more effective in treating pain intensity than pain clinics, which only focus on the symptoms of the pain.


Stress Relief

The body functions best when properly aligned.  The nervous system is responsible for pain signals sent to the brain from different parts of the body.  When the spine is not properly aligned, the entire body can feel the effect.  This can cause mental and physical stress over the entire body.  A balanced body leads to less tension and stress.  A well adjusted body allows a person to manage stress better.

Mood Elevation

When a person is in pain, their mood often reflects their pain level.  Balancing the body’s nervous system leads to a balance of the chemicals in the body.  Issues such as depression and ADHD have been known to improve with regular chiropractic care.

Immune System

When the nervous system is not working properly, different parts of the body are not receiving vital signals necessary to function.  When the nervous system is not working properly, the immune system suffers also.  Recovering from illness quicker is seen when the nervous system is working.

Which Epoxy Flooring Option Works For Your Garage

Is Epoxy Flooring Good For Homes?

Over the next few sections, we will assess whether Epoxy flooring is good for your home. Epoxy floors are colorful, bright, and vibration. Being safe and durable, they are one of the top flooring options for many homeowners.

Is Epoxy Flooring Good for Homes with Pros and Cons

Epoxy flooring is certainly one of the best and most durable flooring options for your property. Over the following sections, we will weigh out its pros and cons in detail.


Epoxy floorings are extremely durable compared to most common hardwood floors. In fact, they are one of the most long-lasting flooring solutions available in the market. These floors are not just chemical resistant, but they also provide significant resistance against stains and scratches. While these floorings are ideal for almost all homes, we’d specifically suggest this option if you use or move heavy equipment. Since the flooring is resistant to impacts, you can comfortably move your equipment without any scratches or marks on the floor. No worries anymore your large sofa will damage your floors. If you are minimalistic person, this floor could well adopt to your overall look becouse it can look very simple.

Adherence Problems

The material does not adhere well in a moist environment such as a basement. If the basement floor is dried and prepared in advance of the epoxy application, you can avoid the adherence problems. Applying epoxy in a damp environment on a moist floor causes the epoxy paint to lift off the floor. In addition, you must clean the floor thoroughly before applying epoxy to avoid adherence issues.


Easy to keep clean

Perhaps the best feature of epoxy flooring is how easy it is to maintain.  Epoxy floors are renown for being easy to clean.  Sweep up debris effortlessly and quickly, and mop or wipe it down with a cloth to get rid of any spills.  It doesn’t get much easier than that!  Epoxy floors are most popular in garages, and even oil and automotive fluids are no problem to clean up quickly and completely.

Polished, clean look – Epoxy floors are virtually seamless, creating a smooth and uniform look.  Beyond that, the glossy finish makes a professional and clean appearance.  It can turn a garage or warehouse into a showroom, and can turn any type of space into an extension of your home.  Some homeowners even choose to have epoxy flooring in their mudrooms, kitchens, bathrooms, or really anywhere.  The finish creates a modern look, and the other benefits are still there.


This is yet another major advantage of using Epoxy flooring. In addition to withstanding the adverse effects of a chemical reaction and heavy automobiles, these floorings are also resistant to scratching and peeling. Ideally, a well-installed epoxy flooring is likely to last you at least one decade. The paint will not peel off and the material of the floor itself will offer solid resistance against yellowing This way, epoxy floors get to retain their gloss for several decades. They will resist spills, any type of hot tire, heavy tools, and even road salt.


Better Safety

This is yet another major benefit of epoxy flooring. They offer a better degree of safety, thanks to their supremely high gloss. You can further double-up the safety by choosing a coating that is slip-resistant, impact-resistant, heat resistant and/or fire-resistant. These coatings don’t just improve the safety but also peps up the brightness of the given area. Note that most high gloss epoxy coatings are deemed safer than their counterparts.

Cost Effective

Epoxy kits are a cost-effective method to create an attractive floor on a concrete surface. Applying an epoxy floor is a do-it-yourself project, which cuts the cost of professional installers. Processes such as concrete staining or stenciling can be difficult and requires the services of a professional, which adds to the cost of the floor.

Application Time

The application of an epoxy floor can be time consuming. You must clean and prepare the floor before applying the material to the concrete. In addition, the first coat of epoxy must dry completely before adding the next coat.


Variety of Styles

Epoxy floors come in a wide variety of colors and styles. You can also customize the appearance by adding paint flakes and chips that create a flecked look to the floor. The variety of colors gives you the ability to create your own designs such as a checkerboard or diamond pattern on the floor.

Slippery Surface

The epoxy floor paints can be very slippery when it is wet. In an area that may be prone to spills or water on the floor, an epoxy floor is not a good choice. You can add texture to the floor with add in products to reduce the slippery surface


Reasons why you should always be priming your epoxy floors

One of the most common questions I get with epoxy floors is if it is necessary to prime the floor before applying the epoxy floor coat. Many contractors would like to avoid priming epoxy floors, as priming means at least an extra day of work as well as the additional cost of purchasing the primer products.

Flooring professionals are actually divided over this issue, but let me just say that I belong to the Priming is necessary camp. So in this article I am presenting five great reasons why I always recommend the use of primer.

  • Let’s start with the most obvious: Adhesion. The floor primer penetrates the substrate and enables the bonding of your floor coat to the substrate. The right primer will guarantee better adhesion of your floor coats to the substrate. It will give your floor a longer life and will reduce the risk of the coat chipping or breaking.
  • Priming epoxy floors will significantly reduce the chances of bubbles emerging in the coat. This is especially common in thicker coats like self leveling where air trapped in the concrete slab can generate gas bubbles and pinholes in the coating. By properly priming and sealing the substrate you are reducing the risk of gas being released. (Note: There are also other causes of bubbles in epoxies so don’t just assume that you have bubble-proofed your floor by priming)
  • Priming helps you get a feel for the floor. When you work with old contaminated substrates the floor may have absorbed all sorts of chemicals like oils, paints, greases, moisture etc. By applying a coat of primer you can see how the existing substrate will react to the epoxy. This way you can take precautionary measures before it is too late to act. I was once having a wall prepared for a wall coat only to see it turn red after we applied the primer (true story). Another time we assumed that all the oil had been removed from the surface – only to see the oil rise again to the surface of the floor.
  • Priming will reduce the chance of the coat being absorbed by the substrate. Sometimes substrates can be very dusty and absorbent. If you try to apply a coat on them you may end up getting an ugly matte look as all the fluids have been absorbed by the substrate. Use primers to seal off the surface before you apply the paint coats. An extra coat of primer may actually save you on consumption of epoxy paint.
  • Finally no matter how well you clean the floor there will always be some microdust stuck on the surface. Priming is a great way to eliminate this dust and to create a nice well sealed surface.

Clay Tile Roof

Fixing a Roof Tile Crack

Roofing tiles are one of many different types of roofing materials you can choose from to protect the roof of your home. But just like any other material, they are subject to wear and tear and breakage from weather, falling objects, freezing or movement. Fixing a crack in roof tiles often is easier than trying to replace the piece, and there are several ways to go about it.

Folding Ladder

You do not want to walk on roofing tiles because your weight can crack and break more of them. If you are dealing with a tile that is out of reach of the eaves, you will need to use an extendable, foldable ladder with rubber supports. Fold it over the edge of the roof along the same plane of angle as the roof, and the ladder will spread your weight out via the rubber supports, across several areas rather than single tiles.

Cleaning the Crack

You must first clean the cracked area to ensure that the repair material will bond. Use a toothbrush or a fine-toothed wire brush to remove any debris from the crack. For best results, use water mixed with dish soap to remove dirt and debris and let it dry for 24 hours before you make the patch. Any residual water will impede the bond of the patching material.

Silicone Caulking

Silicone caulk is one of the most durable and longest-lasting caulks in the industry and is ideal for outdoor situations. Apply it directly on top of the cracked area and push it down into the crack with your finger or a putty knife, thus capping the void and the leak. Clean the surface of the tile with a rag soaked in mineral spirits or acetone to remove any excess silicone caulking from around the visible edges of the roof tile.

Repair Cement

Most home improvement stores sell repair cement that can be used on roofing tiles. Just like caulking, it normally comes in a tube and is squeezed on top of the crack, then pushed down into the void with a putty knife or your finger. Similarly, you will need to clean the surface of the tile off immediately, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Follow the line of the patch so you don’t allow the repair cement to harden on the surface of the tile.


Aren’t Tile Roofs Strong and Long-Lasting?

Technically, yes. Tile roofs are one of the strongest types of roofs on the market. They have been known to withstand extreme weather, such as high winds and hail, and can even survive certain fires. If they are installed in the right climate by a professional roofing company, tile roofs can last 25 years. Some manufacturers even provide 50-year warranties on properly installed tile only roofs.

But, tile roofs will not last forever, and they definitely won’t make it to 25 years if they are not properly maintained. Even the strongest roof can succumb to freak accidents or be unnecessarily damaged by tiny leaks. Because tile roofs are one of the most expensive roof types on the market, fixing or even replacing them is a costly affair. Rather than waiting for something bad to happen before calling a professional, it is best to hire someone to maintain your tile roof.


Why Shouldn’t I Maintain My Own Roof?

Most of the time, homeowners don’t see the top of their roofs until something goes wrong. Even then, your average person most likely will not step foot on to a roof in their lifetime. There are some people out there, however, that will try to maintain their roof themselves, without the help of a professional roofing company or contractor. Cleaning, or even just inspecting a roof might seem like a relatively easy job that anyone with a ladder can do. Here’s why it isn’t:

  • It’s dangerous for you

Tiled roofs are not smooth or easy to walk on, particularly if they are at an angle. In fact, grabbing a ladder and climbing up onto your roof is a dangerous activity that should not be done lightly. By hiring a roofing company, you will never have to worry about putting yourself in danger when your roof needs maintenance.

  • It’s dangerous for your roof

Although tiled roofs are strong and durable, they are not indestructible. A misplaced step or accidental drop of heavy equipment can easily break or dislodge a perfectly stable tile. It’s very easy for you to cause more harm than good while trying to maintain your own roof.

  • You might miss something

If you manage to make it on to your roof safely without damaging anything, you still might not notice something is wrong. Tiled roofs are complex structures that do not always show signs of damage. It is very easy for the average homeowner to completely miss a small leak that could have disastrous consequences in the future.


How Will a Roof Company Maintain My Roof?

When you hire a roofing company to maintain your roof, a contractor will come through to make an initial assessment. Then more contractors will come at set times throughout the year to maintain your roof in the following ways:

  • Inspection

Inspections are an integral part of roof maintenance. A contractor knows exactly what to look for, and will be able to spot the smallest hairline cracks or chips in your roof tiles.

  • Cleaning

Algae can start to grow on clay and concrete tiles in particular. Florida weather encourages the growth of mold and mildew, so keeping tiles clean ensures they remain strong throughout the year.

  • Debris Removal

If debris starts to build up in your gutters, it can cause blockages that redirect water onto your roof. After time, this accumulation of water can start to damage the roof. Keeping your roof and your gutters clean can be both difficult and dangerous, which is why hiring a professional is a far better solution than trying to DIY debris removal.

  • Repair

During routine check-ups, if your roofing contractor spots a problem he will be able to fix it before it gets out of hand. Cracked tiles, for example, can very easily be replaced before they start to become a safety hazard.


Why hire a professional roofer?

You can find a lot of sites that will tell you, in detail, how to maintain your tile roof on your own instead of contracting a professional roofer. Here are a few reasons why it’s actually a bad idea to attempt DIY roof maintenance.


Walking on a roof is very different from walking on the ground, and on top of that, it’s at a height. If you don’t have experience in this area, it is much more likely that you will misstep or lose your balance. The last thing you want is an emergency room visit all because you wanted to fix your roof on your own.


Tiles are fragile, especially along the edges. If you walk on them, it is highly likely that you will damage them. We know how to handle this problem because we have a lot of experience in walking on tile roofs.


We have years of experience repairing roofs. While there is something to be said for learning how to do things on your own, this is a job best left to the professionals.

Instruments And Technologies Used For Electronic Leak Detection

Ultrasonic Leak Testing TechnologyUltrasonic

Ultrasonic leak detectors are very sensitive to sound. When properly calibrated, a high-quality ultrasonic leak detector will enable users to hear the blink of a human eye. This type of leak testing can be performed in an open or enclosed area and can be calibrated to isolate the sound produced by the leak. Ultrasonic leak detection focuses on a specific frequency band of sound; therefore, wind noise, voices, traffic, and most normal operational sounds can be filtered out and will not affect the accuracy of the test. Depending on the application, ultrasonic detectors will detect pressure and vacuum leaks.

Large leaks typically are louder, provide a lower frequency sound, and are easier to locate than smaller leaks. Ultrasonic leak detectors use a microphone system that senses sound generated by escaping gas in a range of 38 to 42 kHz. Some acoustical leak testing equipment is limited to an isolating frequency band width; these devices may sound false alarms for leaks that are not  there, or not find a leak at all. Quality ultrasonic detectors use an electronic process called “heterodyning” to convert high frequency leak sounds to a lower range that allows a hissing leak to be heard through a set of headphones while manually moving the microphone to pinpoint the leak.

Examples of acoustical leak detection applications include testing plumbing lines, vessels, HVAC system ductwork, and medium to large non-sealed components to determine if they are leaking under pressure or vacuum.


Drawbacks of Ultrasonic Leak Detection

Ultrasonic leak detection is not considered a precision leak test method, and ultrasonic equipment typically does not provide automated leak testing, enable users to test to a leak rate specification, provide repeatable accuracy, or provide test result management. Because the average ultrasonic leak detection system will only detect leaks in the 60 sscm range, there are other leak detection methods that provide more accurate and more controlled leak testing.

The accuracy of ultrasonic leak detection is dependent on operator performance, environmental background conditions, and the ability to isolate the sound frequency from background noise. If acoustical leak testing is performed on insulated lines, underground, or routed through walls, the ability to sense a leak can be compromised and the leak may not be detected.


Past Methods of Leak Detection: Slow & Impractical

Until someone comes up with an automatic leak detection alerting system, you’ll have to detect them manually by conducting regularly-scheduled systematic checks using an ultrasonic leak detector. But, some companies are reluctant to do so because the equipment to detect leaks isn’t fast and easy to use. And if isn’t being used, it isn’t doing much good.

Detecting a compressed air or steam trap leak is a two-step process. First you have to be aware that there is a leak and then you have to be able to pinpoint where it’s coming from. The solution is an ultrasonic leak detector diagnostic tool that combines both of these steps in a single unit. Ideally, it’s easy to use and quick to spot a leak. Otherwise, the tests won’t get performed on a regular basis. And if the tests don’t get done, the leaks will persist and the money will continue to flow out the door.


What is Ultrasonic Sound? How Does the Ultrasonic Leak Detector Work?

Many times when working with our customers and educating them about ultrasonic sound and how the Ultrasonic Leak Detector works, we will get questions like, “You sell the Ultrasonic Leak Detector for compressed air, but will it work to detect Helium or Nitrogen?”

The answer is yes, it has the capacity to sense either of these gases. When any gas flows through a small opening at a rate greater than 10-5 mL/second, the gas is generally understood to be in viscous flow. The greater the pressure difference across the opening, the greater the velocity of the gas moving from high pressure to low pressure side. When the velocity increases, the frequency of emitted ultrasonic noise also increases to higher frequency. And to be clear, the Ultrasonic Leak Detector has the capability to detect many different sources of ultrasonic noise. It does not have to be a gas leak, but for our purposes in dealing with the location of compressed air leaks we will stick to gas leaks in this discussion.

Ultrasonic frequencies range from 20 kHz to 100 kHz, a range that is above the perception of normal, human hearing (20 Hz – 20 kHz). The Ultrasonic Leak Detector consists of a microphone and some electronics that “tune” the device’s capability to sense frequencies in this range. And through a process called “heterodyning” the ultrasonic frequency is shifted down into a frequency range that can be heard through a set of headphones by the operator. Ultrasonic noise is highly directional. As the detecting microphone is aimed in the direction of an ultrasonic noise source, the “white noise” heard through the head phones will increase in volume thus indicating that the operator has the detector pointed in the correct direction and can proceed closer to the noise source (meaning compressed gas leak) so it can be identified, tagged and eventually repaired.

Compressed air leaks can result in a waste of up to 30% of a facility’s compressor output. A compressed air leak detection and repair program can save the facility this wasted air. You can even think of such a program as another way in which a facility can “find” additional air compressor capacity for new projects instead of having to purchase additional compressors to make up for the leakage.


Signs Of Water Leaks

An unusually high water bill combined with the reading of a water meter can show there is a water leak inside a home. This could also be the case if there is mold or mildew on non-shower walls. Walls, flooring, and ceilings that are sagging as well as stained or damaged can all be signs of a water leak.

Hydrostatic Pressure Test

This is an effective pressure test done on a structure’s sanitary sewer system. It can detect any water leaks that may exist in an underground plumbing system. This test involves placing an inflatable test ball into a structure’s main line sewer cleanout. It is then inflated and obstructs the main sewer line. The plumbing system is then filled with water up to its slab level. The water is observed for approximately 20 minutes. Should the plumbing system not be able to go up to slab level, or the water recedes, it is evidence of water leaking.

How Important Is The Interior Painting To Match With The Bedroom Interior Design

How to Properly Paint a Wall: The Best Coat of Paint Can’t Hide Bumpy Walls

Fill holes with lightweight spackling compound and sand them smooth when it dries. Then go over the entire wall with 100-grit sandpaper mounted in a drywall sanding handle. The ultimate setup for this job is a pole-mounted drywall sander with a 100-grit mesh drywall sanding screen, but any method of sanding off old paint lumps and bumps will do. Next mask off the baseboard and window and door trim. Slide the blade of a flexible putty knife along the edge of the masking tape to seal it. Otherwise paint will bleed underneath.

How to Properly Paint a Wall: Avoid Fat Edges and Roller Marks

Ridges of paint left by the edge of the roller, or “fat edges,” are a common problem. And if left to dry, they can be difficult to get rid of without heavy sanding or patching. Here are a few ways to avoid the problem:

Don’t submerge the roller in the paint to load it. Paint can seep inside the roller cover and leak out while you’re rolling. Try to dip only the nap. Then spin it against the screen and dip again until it’s loaded with paint.

Don’t press too hard when you’re smoothing out the paint.

Never start against an edge, like a corner or molding, with a full roller of paint. You’ll leave a heavy buildup of paint that can’t be spread out. Starting about 6 in. from the edge, unload the paint from the roller. Then work back toward the edge.

Unload excess paint from the open end of the roller before you roll back over the wall to smooth it out. Do this by tilting the roller and applying a little extra pressure to the open side of the roller while rolling it up and down in the area you’ve just painted.


Secrets to Silky Smooth Paint

Okay, this isn’t really a secret like professional painters are guarding this information jealously, hoping and praying you’ll never find out. There are no secret paint police to prevent the average homeowner from knowing their tricks.

It’s just plain good sense to know how to get a super smooth coat of paint when you need it, and that’s what I’ll show you today. Trim, cabinets, woodwork, these all need smooth paint without brush marks and globs of paint scattered throughout. Follow these tips and you can get beautiful results.

  1. Prep the Wood

Sand any bare wood to 120-grit and no finer. This will give the primer good “tooth” to hold on and create the right base to start with. A good paint job is all in the prep before you even touch a paint brush.

  1. Sand Your Primer

Without a smooth base, you can’t get a smooth finish. I always use oil-based primer on woodwork and cabinets so that I can sand it down to a super smooth feel before beginning my finish painting. Use 220-grit paper or fine sanding sponges to sand everything down once the primer has dried enough that it generates dust when sanded. If it’s gumming up the paper, then it’s too early to sand. Make sure to blow off any remaining dust when you’re done.

  1. Use Additives

I’m a big believer in products like Floetrol and Penetrol, which are additives for your paint that slow down the drying process and make the paint less gummy. Thinner paint lays down better and helps hide brush marks. Thick, gloppy paint will look…thick and gloppy. Fast drying is not a positive thing for paint when you want a silky smooth finish. If you’re not using these already, look into them.

  1. Buy The Right Paint

Don’t skimp on paint. It truly does turn out that the more you pay for paint, the better it is. And for finish work like we are talking about, don’t buy bargain paint. For woodwork and cabinets, consider Enamel paint which dries harder than regular paint. Oil-based paints along with water-based options both have their place here, depending on your comfort.

  1. Strain Your Paint

The first pour out of the can is usually clean and clear of boogers, but every pour after that has a good chance of globs scattered throughout. You likely won’t see them until they are on your beautifully prepped surface, at which time, it’s too late. Paint stores have lots of cheap strainers in stock for good reason. Don’t kid yourself that this step doesn’t apply to you.


Painting Techniques

Using good painting techniques is key to achieving professional-looking results. Another tip is to use enough paint. Get into the habit of going to the paint can often. Let the paint do the work, and you’ll save time and get the finish you want.

Using a Brush

  • Hold a brush near the base of the handle.
  • Dip half the bristles into the paint and tap on the lip of the can. Don’t wipe it on the side.
  • Paint with enough pressure to bend the bristles slightly — don’t bear hard on the brush.
  • A 1″-2″ brush offers good control so it is well-suited for detail work such as cutting in around windows or painting molding. To apply paint to larger surfaces such as doors, use a 3″-4″ brush.

Using a Roller

  • Roll the roller slowly into the paint in the tray. Then, roll it back and forth until roller cover is evenly coated with paint.
  • Roll onto the tray’s ridges to remove excess paint.
  • For smooth surfaces: Cover about a two-foot-square using the N pattern shown. Cross roll to spread the paint. Finish, with light roller strokes in one direction, at a right angle to the cross roll.
  • If the surface you are painting is porous or textured, use a heavy-nap roller cover (1/2″ or more). Use a 1/4″ nap to maximize sheen on a smoother surface.

Painting Double-Hung Windows

  • For double-hung windows move each sash to the center of its track and paint the inside sash, starting with the crossbars. Then, paint the frame. Don’t paint the top edge of the inside sash; you’ll use it to move the sash. Next, paint the top half of the outside sash, starting with the crossbar, then the frame.
  • Close the sashes to within several inches of the closed position. Paint the rest of the outer sash and the top edge of the inner sash. Paint the window casing, then the sill.
  • Paint the check rails. Move both sashes down as far as they will go, then paint the upper rails. Once the paint is thoroughly dry, move both sashes up and paint the lower rails of the window.

Casement or Awning Windows

  • Open the windows and paint the top, side and bottom edges.
  • Finish with the crossbars, frame, casings and the sills.


Press Tape With a Putty Knife

Nothing is more discouraging when you’ve finished painting than to peel tape off the woodwork and discover the paint bled through. To avoid the pain-in-the-neck chore of scraping off the paint, do a thorough job of adhering the tape before you start. “Apply tape over the wood, then run a putty knife over the top to press down the tape for a good seal,” a painter with more than 16 years of experience says. “That’ll stop any paint bleeds.”

Use the blue painter’s tape instead of masking tape. Masking tape can leave behind a sticky residue that’s hard to clean off. Plus, paint can cause the tape to buckle or get wavy, which lets paint run underneath it. Painter’s tape can be left on for days (some up to two weeks) and still peel off cleanly. And it stops paint bleed without buckling.

Eliminate Brush and Lap Marks with Paint Extender

The secret to a finish that’s free of lap and brush marks is mixing a paint extender (also called a paint conditioner), such as Floetrol, into the paint. This does two things. First, it slows down the paint drying time, giving you a longer window to overlap just-painted areas without getting ugly lap marks that happen when you paint over dried paint and darken the color. Second, paint extender levels out the paint so brushstrokes are virtually eliminated (or at least much less obvious). Pros use extenders when painting drywall, woodwork, cabinets, and doors. Manufacturer’s directions tell you how much extender to add per gallon of paint.


Painting Problems That Are Really Easy to Avoid

Turns out, the frustration you feel every time you attempt to paint a room has much more to do with incorrect technique than bad paint or weird walls. Specifically, you’re probably using your paint roller or brush wrong. But we believe people can change!

Don’t use a bone-dry paint roller

Before you do anything else, you actually want to wet the paint roller cover with water. This primes the roller cover to soak up as much paint as possible. But don’t go too crazy removing excess moisture with a paper towel and a good shake of the roller so it’s just slightly damp. “If your roller cover is completely saturated with water, it won’t be able to take on any more liquid (in this case, paint!).”

Don’t assume you can use the same type of paint roller cover for all projects

Fun-ish fact: The best roller varies depending on the job and the type of paint you’re using.  a 3/8-inch-thick roller cover for most finishes, but for high-gloss, you should use a thinner, 1/4-inch-thick cover. For textured walls like brick, you’ll need a 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch-thick cover to get in all the nooks and crannies.

Don’t wipe your paintbrush against the can’s rim

This is a common bad habit we all need to break. When you go to put the lid back on later, you’ll be faced with a mess. Instead, let the brush drip over the can to remove any excess paint or, if you must, gently tap the bristles of the brush against the inside of the can.

Don’t dip your paintbrush all the way to the handle

It’s tempting to saturate the brush, that’s not a good idea. The paint should only come up to the halfway point on the bristles. “Any more, and you’ll be at risk for unnecessary messes and wasted paint,”

Don’t make paint strokes shorter than 12 inches

This is how you end up with the dreaded uneven finish. making your strokes longer—up to the length of your arm—and smoother (no stopping and starting in the middle!) for the best results.