Successful Home Remodeling

How do I remodel my whole house?

Home renovation is a huge project that can start off simple. You peel back a corner of carpeting on Saturday morning, and a lightbulb goes off in your head: Why not refinish these hardwood floors?

Six months later, that mere refinishing project has led to torn-down walls, pried up floorboards and decommissioned bedrooms. But the flip side of this is you end up with a gorgeous, refinished house for a fraction of the cost it would have cost to buy a new house.

A full-house renovation is quite a different matter. It doesn’t — or shouldn’t — begin with pulling up the carpet. It should begin with real-world realizations about the scale of this project and dedicated planning.

Consider these seven points before picking up that hammer or calling the contractor.

  1. Decide to Do It Yourself or Hire Professionals

You will either hire out the work to professionals, do it yourself or some combination of the two.

As this is a whole-house renovation, you likely will not be doing all of the work yourself. Even the most determined homeowner will have to call in professional tradesmen for projects like plumbing and electrical.

Professionals range from expensive contractors to sub-contractors and handymen you find through word-of-mouth or through classified ads. Since not all home renovation projects are created equally, you will want to consider on a case-by-case basis whether you are capable of taking on the home renovation project yourself or whether you wish to hire professionals.

It’s good to know, though, that one way to reduce costs in contractor-driven remodels is to take on some of the projects yourself. Contractors don’t especially like using subs other than their “own people.” But if that “other person” is you, and your piece doesn’t impact the remodel’s progress, he should be amenable (suggestion: save your piece for the last, such as painting the kitchen).

  1. Formulate a Plan for Funding Your Project

Your home remodeling project will cost you more than you care to know. So it’s best to come up with a range of funding options. Your choice of funding options may range from simple sweat equity on up to the traditional home equity loan.

  1. Consider the Resale Value

Today, the majority of American homeowners sell their house at least once. Gone are the days when homeowners rode out their 30-year mortgage to the end. Not only are you renovating your house for you, but also for future buyers.

  1. Become Comfortable With Managing Contractors and Work Crews

Notwithstanding your rock-solid decision to do it all yourself, you will inevitably find yourself hiring someone to help. You will need to know how to manage work crews.

  1. Develop Plan for Saving on Remodeling Costs

From designers’ fees, contractors’ commissions and The Home Depot credit cards: home remodeling seems designed to drain your piggy bank as fast as possible. But there are tried and true ways to save on home remodeling costs, on everything from kitchen to bathroom.

  1. Think Ahead to Permit and Zoning Issues

Building permits take notoriously long to get approved. Electrical permits and permits for demolition or fences may not take more than a few days, but large-scale projects involving zoning, like building a home addition, may take many weeks or months.

  1. Take Safety and Cleanliness Seriously

It’s good to consider things like lead-based paint before sanding down that 80-year-old hand-railing. Avoiding mess when painting your house interior is just as important as developing a plan for keeping out dust from clean areas of your house.


Get a Clear Vision

visualizing home remodel planLet’s clarify a few things first. It’s important to consider if you really want a whole house remodel because it’s not a small DIY project that you can simply abandon if you lose interest. Are you sure you can manage and oversee the remodeling process from start to finish? Is it something you consider worth investing in? These questions can help you decide whether to proceed or not.

Once you’ve decided to push through, start envisioning what you want for your home. The beauty of an entire house remodel is that you can create exactly the home you want, so it’s worthwhile investing the time and energy understanding precisely what is important to you and your family.


Hiring a Contractor

The most important step of any home renovation project is your choice of who to hire.  It is critical you choose a contractor that meets your needs and understands your home renovation goals.  Do not choose based on price.  Experience and references are important factors in making your choice.  By selecting the right contractor, your project has a higher chance of going more smoothly, have less headaches, and finish on time and within budget.  So do not rush this decision and be sure to do your due diligence.

Resale Value of Whole House Renovations

There may be many different reasons to embark upon a whole house renovation.  But the common question for all homeowners is what is the return on your renovation investment.  Market conditions determine the ultimate answer, but there is data that you can tap to get an idea how renovating your home will increase its value.  Look at similar projects in your area as well as homes of similar size and what they are currently selling for.



Budget is one of the most important factors in this decision. If you can afford to renovate your whole home at once, we will generally recommend it. While the initial cost is higher than renovating one room at a time, it is much cheaper in the long run.

The full-home renovations cost less in the long run because it is efficient. In addition to getting everything out of the way at once, it also means the overall labour costs will be lower. Every project requires set-up. Doing projects one room at a time means paying set up costs multiple times. For example, if you are having the floors done in the living room you will have to pay for the set-up costs when the labourers prep the floor. If you do the kitchen floor at a later date, you will again have to pay for someone to come in and prepare that floor. Having both floors set up at once would require one visit instead of two, thereby being more cost effective overall.

In the same vein, there are clean-up costs with any project. Doing all your projects at once means doing your clean up all at once. This means less labour hours and cleanup equipment only has to be brought in once. The same logic applies to garbage removal and dumpsters.


Tips to Maximize Your Whole-House Remodel

If a whole-house remodel or second-story addition is in your future, here’s are 10 tips to maximize your investment, increase the functionality of your home and make future work easier. Keeping them in mind when working with your architect or contractor could help lower your costs and stress during your next remodel.

Consider water.

Don’t add bathrooms without looking carefully at your water supply lines and the capacity of your water heater. A smaller tank or one with lengthy recovery times may not meet your needs. This is especially true if you select a new 80-gallon soaking tub and you have a 50-gallon tank. Consider a separate tankless or tank heater for your second story, or a larger tank with a recirculation pump that keeps hot water right at your taps. Also consider how large your street-side water supply lines are. If you add enough fixtures, the plumbing code may require you to upgrade to a larger supply line. And if you still have galvanized piping, this is probably the time to take it all out.

Get the right gas meter.

More gas appliances usually means a larger meter. Most utility providers will require you to add up the BTU (British thermal unit) requirements of your appliances (furnace, water heater, range, washer-dryer, barbecue, fireplace) and size your meter accordingly. Or maybe you’re adding that barbecue and fireplace in a few years? Sizing the meter larger now and running pipe where you will need it can save you money in the future.

Deaden the sound.

While your friends will not be able to admire all that pretty insulation in your walls, they will be relieved to not hear what’s going on in the powder room since you insulated all the walls with sound insulation. You can choose from Rockwool insulation, sound board or drywall specifically designed to deaden sound transmission through wall cavities. Using resilient channels in ceilings can also help stop sound transmission from one floor or room to another. You may also want sound insulation around your laundry room and media room and in shared bedroom walls.

Advice On The Immigration Lawyer

The most absurd things ever to happen to immigration lawyers

In immigration law, at least, it appears wave function collapse only occurs when the decision is observed by a judge.

Clearly, the judge thought he had uncovered the most brazen plan for obtaining an adjournment to ever grace the hallowed halls of the First-tier Tribunal.

Companionship, trust and mutual respect are all well and good but it’s not a genuine and subsisting relationship unless you buy her a Peloton bike for Christmas.

Home Office caseworkers are not known for their theological scholarship but this one still takes the Communion wafer.

For my own peace of mind, I have to assume this decision was made by someone who has never eaten chicken, and not someone who eats their chicken neat.


Specialist Immigration advice for individuals and businesses around the world

Please keep an eye on regular news updates for information on how the situation is disrupting usual immigration applications and the important things to be aware of. The main thing to avoid is overstaying your current permission to be in the as doing so could harm future immigration applications.

In the current climate of civil penalties and even custodial sentences, it is essential that employers understand the pitfalls to avoid when employing non EEA workers

can advise on:

Checking your employees’ identity documents to ensure that they are legally able to work for you and to avoid the imposition of a civil penalty

Dealing with the imposition of a civil penalty ( which can be as high as $20000 per illegal worker)

Dealing with undocumented Commonwealth Citizens in light of the recent revelations about the “Windrush Generation”

Sponsoring skilled workers from abroad- applying for a sponsorship licence, assigning certificates of sponsorship and the duties of a licensed sponsor

Advising your EEA national employees on their possible options in the light of concerns about Brexit


Civil penalties and custodial sentences can now be imposed on landlords and their agents if property is rented to tenants who are not entitled to rent can advise landlords and property agents on how to check their tenants’ documents, how to proceed if a tenant is no longer permitted to rent in and how to deal with undocumented Commonwealth Citizens in light of the recent revelations about the “Windrush Generation”.


can advise schools as employers but also as the sponsors of overseas students under Tier 4 of the Points Based System.


How To Appeal Against Deportation and Deportation Orders

Where the Secretary of State or an immigration officer is considering deportation or removal of a person who claims that their deportation or removal from would be a breach of the right to respect for private and family life under Article 8 of the Human Rights Convention, Part 13 of the Rules will apply.

Deportation Rules

Part 13 of the Immigration Rules state that deportation may be considered where the Secretary of State deems the person’s deportation to be conducive to the public good

Deportation order

Where the person is the spouse, or civil partner or child under 18 of a person ordered to be deported, and where a court recommends deportation in the case of a person over the age of 17 who has been convicted of an offence punishable with imprisonment, a deportation order can be challenged under Article 8 ECHR (the right to private and family life).

Where there is automatic deportation as a result of a prison sentence of 4 years or more, deportation can only be challenged where there are very compelling circumstances. If the person being deported is seriously ill, this may be very compelling.

If you have a deportation order made against you as a result of a prison sentence of one year or more, but less than 4 years, and you have a parental relationship with a child under 18 who is a British citizen or has lived in



  • Is your career — or your family’s happiness — in danger because of your immigration status?
  • Have you or a family member received a deportation or removal notice that threatens the life you’ve built in the United States?
  • Are you an employer who needs to bring more workers into the U.S. — or to protect a key contributor whose visa has expired?

The Law Group team offers a full range of immigration law services, representing clients nationwide before the U.S. Department of Homeland Security; overseas before the U.S. Department of State; and at all levels of the federal court system. happy to help with routine matters, such as visa processing, but greatest strength is serving clients with high-stakes deportation cases that require special knowledge.

A sub-specialty: Cases that need “saving” after things have gone wrong. Some of clients are far into removal proceedings by the time they call us — perhaps because they’ve relied on the wrong immigration lawyer, or because they’ve tried to represent themselves.

is a seasoned removal defense attorney. He is known for pushing deportation cases past bureaucratic obstacles and, if needed, into federal courts, where he has won several favorable precedents. has a particular interest in the immigration consequences of criminal arrests and convictions. A member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), he also serves as chair of the Federal Bar Association’s Professional Ethics Committee and holds a Top Secret security clearance.

challenged the validity of an immigration regulation that barred arriving aliens from seeking permanent resident status if they’ve already been placed in removal proceedings — as is technically the case with millions of foreign nationals who are routinely “paroled” into the United States. A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit agreed that the regulation “is not based on a permissible construction of the governing statute,” invalidating it for cases brought in that jurisdiction.

was perhaps even more far-reaching. After U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) failed to act in a timely manner on clients’ applications for naturalization, advised them to pursue their case in a federal court instead, as the law allows. While the lawsuit was pending, however, USCIS tried to deny clients’ previous applications — an action for which claimed the agency no longer had authority.


Points-Based and Family Immigration

The Guide to Law Online is an annotated compendium of Internet links; a portal of Internet sources of interest to legal researchers. Although the Guide is selective, inclusion of a site by no means constitutes endorsement by the Law Library of Congress

In compiling this list, emphasis wherever possible has been on sites offering the full texts of laws, regulations, and court decisions, along with commentary from lawyers writing primarily for other lawyers. Materials related to law and government that were written by or for lay persons also have been included, as have government sites that provide even quite general information about themselves or their agencies.

Every direct source listed here was successfully tested before being added to the list. Users, however, should be aware that changes of Internet addresses and file names are frequent, and even sites that usually function well do not always do so. Thus a successful connection may sometimes require several attempts. If such an attempt to access a file indicates an error, the information can sometimes still be accessed by truncating the URL address to access a directory at the site

Administrative Law Guide

Administrative law, commonly called regulatory law, is created and enforced by an administrative body; e.g., the Department of Labor, the Federal Communications Commission, or the President.  This guide provides techniques and recommended resources to help get you started in this area of law.

Beginner’s Guides to Legal Research

If you are working in an unfamiliar area of law, and do not know where to begin, our Beginner’s Guide series gives you a great selection of treatises, cases, statutes, and regulations to jump-start your research project.

Do You Need To Hire A Professional Wedding Photographer To Help In Your Wedding

Things Wedding Photographers Secretly Wish You’d Tell Them

the relevant discipline today being weddings. While I’m waiting for your call, I thought I’d take the opportunity to share with you some of the less obvious information that I (and other wedding photographers) are going to want to know before your big day…

The names and phone numbers of our wedding day co-workers.

We’re going to be working closely with your other wedding vendors, especially your DJ and your wedding planner or day-of coordinator. In some cases, it can be immensely helpful to know this information. That way, we can interface with them directly and remove you as a middle-man. (Or woman.) We can begin collaborating before your wedding day, and we can start to create a teamwork mentality. A lot of photographers don’t ask for this information and most will do just fine without it. But when we do have it, we’ll usually take advantage of it. If you volunteer this information to us, we’ll appreciate it and be impressed with your organization.

The names of your whole entire family and every single person in your wedding party.

Photographers with experience know how much better it is to practice learning people’s names before they show up. Photography specifically requests all these names from our wedding clients. But many years ago, we’d try and wing it. Do you know how awkward it can feel to be standing in front of 30 or 40 people who all know your name, but for whom “hey you” is the best you can muster? Hint: very awkward. And it’s exceptionally difficult to be a bold, creative artist when you feel super duper awkward. If you’ve hired a newer photographer, this probably isn’t even on their radar, so just send them the names.

If there is anyone who needs special considerations.

This includes things like hearing, vision, and mobility impairments or less obvious things, like strong aversions to flash lighting, a tendency to overheat or if someone sweats a lot more than average. Having this kind of information in advance lets your photographer make more calculated decisions at more convenient times. Photography we build in some time to scope out a location either in advance or on the day of the wedding. We can make a more considered effort with this time if we know that someone in the family or wedding party needs a wheelchair. If it’s going to be a hot day, we can avoid the open field, so the best man isn’t soaked in sweat at the reception. If one of the bridesmaids has severe allergies, we could skip the garden. Of course, without any of this info, a good photographer should still be able to wing it. But you’ve paid for their time and creativity, why not help them be as efficient as possible?

If there is ANY family drama.

If your mother-in-law really didn’t think you should get a photo booth with lots of silly props, it would probably be best that we don’t hand her one of those props on the dance floor. Or if say your parents are separated and having trouble getting along, knowing this can help us avoid exacerbating the problem on your wedding day. (This is especially important information during the family formals, where family conflicts have a way of showing up.) It could feel a little awkward discussing personal issues with your photographer, but it can make things way less unpleasant later. When there is family drama, big or small, we want to know. A great wedding photographer is out to capture the best of your relationships during your wedding. Even if there is drama of some sort, there will still be smiling faces, and honest, heartfelt exchanges. We’d like to keep it that way.


Wedding Tips From a Photographer Turned Bride

I was chatting with one of my brides recently and she asked me, “What are the keys to having a successful wedding day?”. To which I replied, “Listen up my young Padawan, I have much to teach you…”  After an outpouring of a lifetime of solid-gold wedding advice from a matrimonial guru, she, with jaw on the floor, replied that it was only fair that this veritable treasure trove of ceremonial knowledge be bestowed upon the rest of the wedding world. (I’m joking, of course..but I like to pretend it was this dramatic 😉 )

At the same time that I was coming up with this list, ‘I Do Venues‘ asked asked me to write up some tips from my industry experience, paired with what I’m learning, now in my own wedding-planning-process.. so here is what I came up with–hope it’s helpful 😉

Determine What’s Important: There are so many traditions and timelines and faux pas that at some point, the wedding industry decided we all have to accommodate and include when planning our nuptial celebration..From cake cutting to first dances to garters and bouquets to party favors.. lets be real– none of these things are really detrimental to the real purpose of the day (for you and your babe to get married!) but they can certainly add an element of fun, but only if they mean something to you. To make this process more focused and meaningful, I tell my friends and clients to list the three things that are important to them on their wedding day. Dancing? Photography? The perfect venue? The amount of guests attending? The dress? Whatever it may be, don’t feel bad about it! It’s your day and you and your fiancé get to choose what is a priority 🙂 Let those things get the majority of the wedding budget, time and effort, and if there’s room for the other stuff, great! But focus on the stuff you’re excited about first, and then see what else you feel like fitting in 🙂

First Look: If I were to give one piece of advice to a couple it would be to STRONGLY consider doing a First Look.

What’s a First Look? It’s when the bride and groom see each other before the ceremony, have a few moments alone, and get portraits done before-hand. There are several ways to do this, but a lot of the time, the groom will go away from the craziness and get set up in a certain location and the bride will then come to him and either tap on his shoulder or say his name for him to turn around, or they’ll close their eyes and face each other and do the big reveal get the idea..Why do I recommend this? Because weddings go by SO fast, I feel like it’s the one time the couple can slow down and be alone together (photographers should be very photojournalistic during this time, and let the couple have their moment before insisting on any poses or anything like that). It’s such a special moment—I’ve seen couples pray together, say their vows or affirm each other, exchange gifts.. It’s awesome! Doing a First Look really frees you up and allows you to relax during cocktail hour or mingle with your guests. If you’re having a lot of friends and family coming in from out of state, this is definitely something you’ll want to consider. Most importantly, you want to feel like your married. You don’t want a photographer or a coordinator rushing you along in order to keep you on time. You want your day to be enjoyable and smooth and for that, getting as much done before hand is ALWAYS helpful. Most importantly, this private moment alone really sets the tone for the rest of the day, calms nerves, and gives the couple a chance to connect before the moment they are standing at the altar together. I totally get the tradition of waiting until the bride walks down the aisle..but if you’re prone to stress or anxiety especially, the First Look can be a calming and tone-setting alternative..

Hire Vendors That You Like: If you’ve been in a bridal party, you know that a bride and groom spend a majority of their wedding with their vendors. Like choosing the friends you want by your side on your wedding day, you want to choose vendors whose company you enjoy, who you trust, and who will help your day be more fun and less stressful, rather than the other way around.


Things Only Wedding Photographers Can Truly Appreciate

Wedding photography can be an incredibly fun job, but it’s not without its stressful moments. When you’re neck deep in a shoot, you have to stop and appreciate the little things that only wedding photographers will truly understand. Here’s a short list of those private joys. Feel free to add your own in the comments and let this bit of fun take you away from the current election cycle.

When you meet with a bride and groom and they have actually looked at your work and know your overall style is to their liking.

You book an engagement shoot and it happens on the scheduled date with no weather issues or last-minute rescheduling.

You miss a shot and your second shooter shows you a perfect frame on the back of their camera.

You’re editing and go through two out-of-focus frames, then the last one is perfectly sharp.

You walk into the reception venue and the walls and ceiling are perfect for bouncing flash.

You get paid on time without having to remind the couple—or even mention it to them.

The couple uses the preview photos you sent them as their Facebook profile pictures and not the smartphone shot from Uncle Bob.

There’s a guest at the wedding with a fancy camera and they say, “Don’t worry, I’ll stay out of your shots,” and they actually do.

The vendor meal is awesome and you get to eat it somewhere that’s not a closet.

You send the couple the link to their online gallery and they respond right away with their reaction so you don’t have to fret about whether they’re happy with your work.

The couple says, “We would rather order prints from you than take them to a drug store or something like that.”

You notice the bride is wearing a hairband around her wrist before you start taking the portraits.

You remember to sync all your camera clocks before you start shooting.

You go to take the big family photo and everyone is present without having to send someone from the bridal party to search for them.

You have so many great photos from a wedding that it’s hard to cut down enough for a blog post.

You share a photo or blog post on Facebook and the almighty algorithm allows it to actually get some decent reach.

It rains all day and then the sun comes out for just long enough to shoot some epic portraits.

Sitting in a quiet car having just finished shooting for the night.

The bride or groom says, “We scheduled the outdoor ceremony in the late afternoon when the sun is going down,” instead of, “The ceremony is at noon.”

You go home with no business cards left because so many people asked you for them.


Things Your “Cheap” Wedding Photographer Won’t Tell You

You only need them for a “couple of hours” to give you a “few pictures” to remember your wedding day. So that $150 an hour is a lot of money for those four hours and honestly, you wish you could make that kind of dough. They are only “snapping a few pictures” and you only want a “disc of images”, right?

So you are opting for one of two things for your wedding photographs:

  1. You’re going to get one of your cousins who owns one of those “expensive” cameras that takes wonderful pictures to photograph your wedding or…
  2. Your going to find the cheapest person you can because, well, ANYONE can “snap a few pictures” and if they have a good camera, it should be just fine!

If you really want to risk that you’re going to really HATE your wedding photos later, then by all means, you should “take a chance” and see what happens.

hey’re cheap because they have no experience photographing weddings.

I see this all the time. Brides scouring Craigslist or wedding vendor sites looking for the “cheap” photographer. The cheapest they can find. Most “newbie” photographers will offer to do your wedding at rock bottom prices. “Well, they ARE advertized in “The Knot”, so I bet they have been vetted by them!”.

$600 is making a LOT of money for a couple of hours of work.

The actual “taking of your photos” for $600 would be a lot of money- if that was all there was to it.

Newbie (aka Cheap) Photographers usually aren’t “legal”.

A legal business must be properly licensed, insured, and collect and pay sales taxes to the State they work in. There are WAY too many that call themselves “professional photographers” who aren’t. If something should go badly wrong, then you have little or no recourse for what you just paid them. Hiring one of these means you are taking more than a little chance, but you are taking a very big one. Make sure your photographer is fully legal to do business in the State you live.


Things Your Wedding Photographer Wants You To Know

Allow extra time on the day

When making your wedding day itinerary, be sure to plan enough time for your wedding photography. This includes traveling to and from a shoot location – whether it is driving to the beach or walking down rows of vineyards – it all takes time.

Clean up before you get ready

Getting ready photos can look beautiful and are a great way for your photographer to begin documenting the story of your wedding day. However, these photos don’t turn out so well if there is half eaten plates of food, or last night’s laundry in the shots.

Engagement photography is a great idea!

Engagement photography prepares you for your wedding, it’s like a trial run. It makes you comfortable in front of the camera and lets the photographer discover the best way capture you. It is a great opportunity to break the ice with your photographer – you will also end up receiving some great photos of your and your partner.

Uncle Joe and his camera cannot replace a professional photographer

How many times have we heard of a couple not choosing a professional wedding photographer because they know someone with a good camera instead? Too many!

Take time to enjoy the first kiss

Another one of the most important things your wedding photographer want you to know. It may be a small moment but it is so important. It is your first kiss as a marriage couple – it only happens once so enjoy and  don’t rush it – make it last!

Check These Quick Facts About Visiting A Football Chiropractor

Why would someone need a chiropractor?

While the first step to living a healthy and active lifestyle is a healthy spine, routine chiropractic adjustments aren’t just for the spine. Ailments like migraines, to bursitis of the big toe, and everything in between can be treated effectively and safely with chiropractic care.

Chiropractors possess broad skills and are trained to recommend the best therapeutic and rehabilitation practices to patients in their care. Everyone benefits from routine adjustments – from active adults, to growing children, to seniors, to athletes with chronic injuries. Even if you aren’t experiencing an acute issue and you feel “OK” on a daily basis, you can still benefit from routine chiropractic adjustments.

One of the goals of chiropractic care is restoration of the body’s function and prevention of injury. Committing to ongoing chiropractic care is a method of proactivity, putting you on the best path toward optimal and sustained health for your lifetime.

How Does Chiropractic Care Work?

Chiropractic care is a natural and drug-free pathway to wellness that encompasses your entire body. Even if your back doesn’t hurt and you don’t suffer from plaguing headaches, an adjustment is just plain good for you, on a very regular basis. No specific complaint to share with your chiropractor during your appointment? Not an issue! Your chiropractor will review your health history and perform a limited physical exam. Insight into your diet, daily activities, and exercise regime will be taken into consideration. Your body will be assessed top to bottom, reviewing your joints in your arms, legs, hips, and neck.

If you do present an issue, chiropractors can treat pain through physical manipulation and alignment of your musculoskeletal structure. This type of treatment directly addresses the cause of pain instead of treating symptoms. It allows your body to heal itself by putting muscles, joints, bones, and connective tissues like cartilage, ligaments, and tendons back in their proper place to positively influence your nervous system’s functionality.


Benefits you might not have known:

  • Improves joint mobility, function and health.
  • Makes tight muscles loose and loose muscles tight and improves the contractibility (thereby strength) of the muscle.
  • Decreases degeneration of the joint and connective tissues (arthritis).
  • Decreases the on-­-going inflammatory process associated with the subluxation.
  • Improves circulation taking stagnant blood out and bringing new blood in.
  • Speeds up the recovery process.
  • Improves nerve system function and the individual nerve’s ability to carry nerve impulses more efficiently.
  • Strengthens the immune system.


Reasons You Should Consider Seeing A Chiropractor

Let’s take a look at the top ten health issues we successfully treat every day :


Chiropractic treatment for neck and back pain is especially effective. People with bad posture tend to get that way because something is slightly out of alignment within the spine. As a method of reducing pain, a patient may shift their position, and unknowingly exacerbating the problem, and causing it to spread. A Chiropractor can treat the source of the pain, sometimes in as little as a single visit. The result is that the patient is then able to use proper posture, and be pain free.


As above, neck pain can be the result of poor posture. With chiropractic adjustments, the entire spine including the back and neck can be put back into proper alignment, thereby reducing neck pain.


We have treated many patients suffering from conditions such as Carpal Tunnel syndrome, who experience pain, tingling and even numbness in their wrists. Often these types of symptoms are the result of compression on the carpal nerves within the wrist. The culprit? Very often, the bones within the arms, wrists and hands need an adjustment.


By treating other structures within the body, such as the neck and back, many types of headaches can be treated and cured. In fact, a study by Duke University found that chiropractic treatment for headaches was more effective than taking pain medications!


Let’s face it, when our body hurts, it can cause us to have a feeling of tiredness and fatigue. The body is in a constant state of attempting to fight the pain, which can really wear us down. The good news is that most of our patients at BROADWAY AT YEW Chiropractic & Massage report a feeling of invigoration following the treatment.


Treating the Cause

The essence of chiropractic care is that treatment focusses on the root cause of the problem, not just the symptoms. Compared to prescribed medications in a recent study, it was in fact found that 56% of patients who saw a doctor, saw a 30% reduction in low back pain after 4 weeks. But 94% of patients who underwent Chiropractic treatment saw a 30% reduction in low back pain after 4 weeks. Vertigo for example is a condition that is found to be much more effectively treated with chiropractic care, as rather than simply dealing with the symptoms of the condition, the Chiropractor will move you in to specific positions to reestablish the balance within the ear.

Improve Sleep

A National Sleep Foundation poll found that 60% of American adults experience sleep problems at some time. In fact, according to the APTA Move Forward survey, 37% of adults said that LBP affects their sleep, with over half stating that they suffer from poor sleep quality. Chiropractic treatment and the manipulation therapies used are believed to help to improve blood flow in patients, which is essential for great sleep. Chiropractors also focus on correcting misalignments or subluxations in the spine. These subluxations lead to a process called stress response which puts the body out of balance and does not let the body rest.

Assists with Chronic Pain

In a first session with a patient with chronic pain, a chiropractor will aim to get to the root of the problem, working out where inflammation and muscle tension may be occurring and building an effective treatment plan. It is this approach that causes so many to turn to a chiropractor for help with chronic pain. For those with long term conditions, a study has shown that chiropractic care is more effective in treating pain intensity than pain clinics, which only focus on the symptoms of the pain.


Stress Relief

The body functions best when properly aligned.  The nervous system is responsible for pain signals sent to the brain from different parts of the body.  When the spine is not properly aligned, the entire body can feel the effect.  This can cause mental and physical stress over the entire body.  A balanced body leads to less tension and stress.  A well adjusted body allows a person to manage stress better.

Mood Elevation

When a person is in pain, their mood often reflects their pain level.  Balancing the body’s nervous system leads to a balance of the chemicals in the body.  Issues such as depression and ADHD have been known to improve with regular chiropractic care.

Immune System

When the nervous system is not working properly, different parts of the body are not receiving vital signals necessary to function.  When the nervous system is not working properly, the immune system suffers also.  Recovering from illness quicker is seen when the nervous system is working.

Which Epoxy Flooring Option Works For Your Garage

Is Epoxy Flooring Good For Homes?

Over the next few sections, we will assess whether Epoxy flooring is good for your home. Epoxy floors are colorful, bright, and vibration. Being safe and durable, they are one of the top flooring options for many homeowners.

Is Epoxy Flooring Good for Homes with Pros and Cons

Epoxy flooring is certainly one of the best and most durable flooring options for your property. Over the following sections, we will weigh out its pros and cons in detail.


Epoxy floorings are extremely durable compared to most common hardwood floors. In fact, they are one of the most long-lasting flooring solutions available in the market. These floors are not just chemical resistant, but they also provide significant resistance against stains and scratches. While these floorings are ideal for almost all homes, we’d specifically suggest this option if you use or move heavy equipment. Since the flooring is resistant to impacts, you can comfortably move your equipment without any scratches or marks on the floor. No worries anymore your large sofa will damage your floors. If you are minimalistic person, this floor could well adopt to your overall look becouse it can look very simple.

Adherence Problems

The material does not adhere well in a moist environment such as a basement. If the basement floor is dried and prepared in advance of the epoxy application, you can avoid the adherence problems. Applying epoxy in a damp environment on a moist floor causes the epoxy paint to lift off the floor. In addition, you must clean the floor thoroughly before applying epoxy to avoid adherence issues.


Easy to keep clean

Perhaps the best feature of epoxy flooring is how easy it is to maintain.  Epoxy floors are renown for being easy to clean.  Sweep up debris effortlessly and quickly, and mop or wipe it down with a cloth to get rid of any spills.  It doesn’t get much easier than that!  Epoxy floors are most popular in garages, and even oil and automotive fluids are no problem to clean up quickly and completely.

Polished, clean look – Epoxy floors are virtually seamless, creating a smooth and uniform look.  Beyond that, the glossy finish makes a professional and clean appearance.  It can turn a garage or warehouse into a showroom, and can turn any type of space into an extension of your home.  Some homeowners even choose to have epoxy flooring in their mudrooms, kitchens, bathrooms, or really anywhere.  The finish creates a modern look, and the other benefits are still there.


This is yet another major advantage of using Epoxy flooring. In addition to withstanding the adverse effects of a chemical reaction and heavy automobiles, these floorings are also resistant to scratching and peeling. Ideally, a well-installed epoxy flooring is likely to last you at least one decade. The paint will not peel off and the material of the floor itself will offer solid resistance against yellowing This way, epoxy floors get to retain their gloss for several decades. They will resist spills, any type of hot tire, heavy tools, and even road salt.


Better Safety

This is yet another major benefit of epoxy flooring. They offer a better degree of safety, thanks to their supremely high gloss. You can further double-up the safety by choosing a coating that is slip-resistant, impact-resistant, heat resistant and/or fire-resistant. These coatings don’t just improve the safety but also peps up the brightness of the given area. Note that most high gloss epoxy coatings are deemed safer than their counterparts.

Cost Effective

Epoxy kits are a cost-effective method to create an attractive floor on a concrete surface. Applying an epoxy floor is a do-it-yourself project, which cuts the cost of professional installers. Processes such as concrete staining or stenciling can be difficult and requires the services of a professional, which adds to the cost of the floor.

Application Time

The application of an epoxy floor can be time consuming. You must clean and prepare the floor before applying the material to the concrete. In addition, the first coat of epoxy must dry completely before adding the next coat.


Variety of Styles

Epoxy floors come in a wide variety of colors and styles. You can also customize the appearance by adding paint flakes and chips that create a flecked look to the floor. The variety of colors gives you the ability to create your own designs such as a checkerboard or diamond pattern on the floor.

Slippery Surface

The epoxy floor paints can be very slippery when it is wet. In an area that may be prone to spills or water on the floor, an epoxy floor is not a good choice. You can add texture to the floor with add in products to reduce the slippery surface


Reasons why you should always be priming your epoxy floors

One of the most common questions I get with epoxy floors is if it is necessary to prime the floor before applying the epoxy floor coat. Many contractors would like to avoid priming epoxy floors, as priming means at least an extra day of work as well as the additional cost of purchasing the primer products.

Flooring professionals are actually divided over this issue, but let me just say that I belong to the Priming is necessary camp. So in this article I am presenting five great reasons why I always recommend the use of primer.

  • Let’s start with the most obvious: Adhesion. The floor primer penetrates the substrate and enables the bonding of your floor coat to the substrate. The right primer will guarantee better adhesion of your floor coats to the substrate. It will give your floor a longer life and will reduce the risk of the coat chipping or breaking.
  • Priming epoxy floors will significantly reduce the chances of bubbles emerging in the coat. This is especially common in thicker coats like self leveling where air trapped in the concrete slab can generate gas bubbles and pinholes in the coating. By properly priming and sealing the substrate you are reducing the risk of gas being released. (Note: There are also other causes of bubbles in epoxies so don’t just assume that you have bubble-proofed your floor by priming)
  • Priming helps you get a feel for the floor. When you work with old contaminated substrates the floor may have absorbed all sorts of chemicals like oils, paints, greases, moisture etc. By applying a coat of primer you can see how the existing substrate will react to the epoxy. This way you can take precautionary measures before it is too late to act. I was once having a wall prepared for a wall coat only to see it turn red after we applied the primer (true story). Another time we assumed that all the oil had been removed from the surface – only to see the oil rise again to the surface of the floor.
  • Priming will reduce the chance of the coat being absorbed by the substrate. Sometimes substrates can be very dusty and absorbent. If you try to apply a coat on them you may end up getting an ugly matte look as all the fluids have been absorbed by the substrate. Use primers to seal off the surface before you apply the paint coats. An extra coat of primer may actually save you on consumption of epoxy paint.
  • Finally no matter how well you clean the floor there will always be some microdust stuck on the surface. Priming is a great way to eliminate this dust and to create a nice well sealed surface.

Clay Tile Roof

Fixing a Roof Tile Crack

Roofing tiles are one of many different types of roofing materials you can choose from to protect the roof of your home. But just like any other material, they are subject to wear and tear and breakage from weather, falling objects, freezing or movement. Fixing a crack in roof tiles often is easier than trying to replace the piece, and there are several ways to go about it.

Folding Ladder

You do not want to walk on roofing tiles because your weight can crack and break more of them. If you are dealing with a tile that is out of reach of the eaves, you will need to use an extendable, foldable ladder with rubber supports. Fold it over the edge of the roof along the same plane of angle as the roof, and the ladder will spread your weight out via the rubber supports, across several areas rather than single tiles.

Cleaning the Crack

You must first clean the cracked area to ensure that the repair material will bond. Use a toothbrush or a fine-toothed wire brush to remove any debris from the crack. For best results, use water mixed with dish soap to remove dirt and debris and let it dry for 24 hours before you make the patch. Any residual water will impede the bond of the patching material.

Silicone Caulking

Silicone caulk is one of the most durable and longest-lasting caulks in the industry and is ideal for outdoor situations. Apply it directly on top of the cracked area and push it down into the crack with your finger or a putty knife, thus capping the void and the leak. Clean the surface of the tile with a rag soaked in mineral spirits or acetone to remove any excess silicone caulking from around the visible edges of the roof tile.

Repair Cement

Most home improvement stores sell repair cement that can be used on roofing tiles. Just like caulking, it normally comes in a tube and is squeezed on top of the crack, then pushed down into the void with a putty knife or your finger. Similarly, you will need to clean the surface of the tile off immediately, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Follow the line of the patch so you don’t allow the repair cement to harden on the surface of the tile.


Aren’t Tile Roofs Strong and Long-Lasting?

Technically, yes. Tile roofs are one of the strongest types of roofs on the market. They have been known to withstand extreme weather, such as high winds and hail, and can even survive certain fires. If they are installed in the right climate by a professional roofing company, tile roofs can last 25 years. Some manufacturers even provide 50-year warranties on properly installed tile only roofs.

But, tile roofs will not last forever, and they definitely won’t make it to 25 years if they are not properly maintained. Even the strongest roof can succumb to freak accidents or be unnecessarily damaged by tiny leaks. Because tile roofs are one of the most expensive roof types on the market, fixing or even replacing them is a costly affair. Rather than waiting for something bad to happen before calling a professional, it is best to hire someone to maintain your tile roof.


Why Shouldn’t I Maintain My Own Roof?

Most of the time, homeowners don’t see the top of their roofs until something goes wrong. Even then, your average person most likely will not step foot on to a roof in their lifetime. There are some people out there, however, that will try to maintain their roof themselves, without the help of a professional roofing company or contractor. Cleaning, or even just inspecting a roof might seem like a relatively easy job that anyone with a ladder can do. Here’s why it isn’t:

  • It’s dangerous for you

Tiled roofs are not smooth or easy to walk on, particularly if they are at an angle. In fact, grabbing a ladder and climbing up onto your roof is a dangerous activity that should not be done lightly. By hiring a roofing company, you will never have to worry about putting yourself in danger when your roof needs maintenance.

  • It’s dangerous for your roof

Although tiled roofs are strong and durable, they are not indestructible. A misplaced step or accidental drop of heavy equipment can easily break or dislodge a perfectly stable tile. It’s very easy for you to cause more harm than good while trying to maintain your own roof.

  • You might miss something

If you manage to make it on to your roof safely without damaging anything, you still might not notice something is wrong. Tiled roofs are complex structures that do not always show signs of damage. It is very easy for the average homeowner to completely miss a small leak that could have disastrous consequences in the future.


How Will a Roof Company Maintain My Roof?

When you hire a roofing company to maintain your roof, a contractor will come through to make an initial assessment. Then more contractors will come at set times throughout the year to maintain your roof in the following ways:

  • Inspection

Inspections are an integral part of roof maintenance. A contractor knows exactly what to look for, and will be able to spot the smallest hairline cracks or chips in your roof tiles.

  • Cleaning

Algae can start to grow on clay and concrete tiles in particular. Florida weather encourages the growth of mold and mildew, so keeping tiles clean ensures they remain strong throughout the year.

  • Debris Removal

If debris starts to build up in your gutters, it can cause blockages that redirect water onto your roof. After time, this accumulation of water can start to damage the roof. Keeping your roof and your gutters clean can be both difficult and dangerous, which is why hiring a professional is a far better solution than trying to DIY debris removal.

  • Repair

During routine check-ups, if your roofing contractor spots a problem he will be able to fix it before it gets out of hand. Cracked tiles, for example, can very easily be replaced before they start to become a safety hazard.


Why hire a professional roofer?

You can find a lot of sites that will tell you, in detail, how to maintain your tile roof on your own instead of contracting a professional roofer. Here are a few reasons why it’s actually a bad idea to attempt DIY roof maintenance.


Walking on a roof is very different from walking on the ground, and on top of that, it’s at a height. If you don’t have experience in this area, it is much more likely that you will misstep or lose your balance. The last thing you want is an emergency room visit all because you wanted to fix your roof on your own.


Tiles are fragile, especially along the edges. If you walk on them, it is highly likely that you will damage them. We know how to handle this problem because we have a lot of experience in walking on tile roofs.


We have years of experience repairing roofs. While there is something to be said for learning how to do things on your own, this is a job best left to the professionals.

Instruments And Technologies Used For Electronic Leak Detection

Ultrasonic Leak Testing TechnologyUltrasonic

Ultrasonic leak detectors are very sensitive to sound. When properly calibrated, a high-quality ultrasonic leak detector will enable users to hear the blink of a human eye. This type of leak testing can be performed in an open or enclosed area and can be calibrated to isolate the sound produced by the leak. Ultrasonic leak detection focuses on a specific frequency band of sound; therefore, wind noise, voices, traffic, and most normal operational sounds can be filtered out and will not affect the accuracy of the test. Depending on the application, ultrasonic detectors will detect pressure and vacuum leaks.

Large leaks typically are louder, provide a lower frequency sound, and are easier to locate than smaller leaks. Ultrasonic leak detectors use a microphone system that senses sound generated by escaping gas in a range of 38 to 42 kHz. Some acoustical leak testing equipment is limited to an isolating frequency band width; these devices may sound false alarms for leaks that are not  there, or not find a leak at all. Quality ultrasonic detectors use an electronic process called “heterodyning” to convert high frequency leak sounds to a lower range that allows a hissing leak to be heard through a set of headphones while manually moving the microphone to pinpoint the leak.

Examples of acoustical leak detection applications include testing plumbing lines, vessels, HVAC system ductwork, and medium to large non-sealed components to determine if they are leaking under pressure or vacuum.


Drawbacks of Ultrasonic Leak Detection

Ultrasonic leak detection is not considered a precision leak test method, and ultrasonic equipment typically does not provide automated leak testing, enable users to test to a leak rate specification, provide repeatable accuracy, or provide test result management. Because the average ultrasonic leak detection system will only detect leaks in the 60 sscm range, there are other leak detection methods that provide more accurate and more controlled leak testing.

The accuracy of ultrasonic leak detection is dependent on operator performance, environmental background conditions, and the ability to isolate the sound frequency from background noise. If acoustical leak testing is performed on insulated lines, underground, or routed through walls, the ability to sense a leak can be compromised and the leak may not be detected.


Past Methods of Leak Detection: Slow & Impractical

Until someone comes up with an automatic leak detection alerting system, you’ll have to detect them manually by conducting regularly-scheduled systematic checks using an ultrasonic leak detector. But, some companies are reluctant to do so because the equipment to detect leaks isn’t fast and easy to use. And if isn’t being used, it isn’t doing much good.

Detecting a compressed air or steam trap leak is a two-step process. First you have to be aware that there is a leak and then you have to be able to pinpoint where it’s coming from. The solution is an ultrasonic leak detector diagnostic tool that combines both of these steps in a single unit. Ideally, it’s easy to use and quick to spot a leak. Otherwise, the tests won’t get performed on a regular basis. And if the tests don’t get done, the leaks will persist and the money will continue to flow out the door.


What is Ultrasonic Sound? How Does the Ultrasonic Leak Detector Work?

Many times when working with our customers and educating them about ultrasonic sound and how the Ultrasonic Leak Detector works, we will get questions like, “You sell the Ultrasonic Leak Detector for compressed air, but will it work to detect Helium or Nitrogen?”

The answer is yes, it has the capacity to sense either of these gases. When any gas flows through a small opening at a rate greater than 10-5 mL/second, the gas is generally understood to be in viscous flow. The greater the pressure difference across the opening, the greater the velocity of the gas moving from high pressure to low pressure side. When the velocity increases, the frequency of emitted ultrasonic noise also increases to higher frequency. And to be clear, the Ultrasonic Leak Detector has the capability to detect many different sources of ultrasonic noise. It does not have to be a gas leak, but for our purposes in dealing with the location of compressed air leaks we will stick to gas leaks in this discussion.

Ultrasonic frequencies range from 20 kHz to 100 kHz, a range that is above the perception of normal, human hearing (20 Hz – 20 kHz). The Ultrasonic Leak Detector consists of a microphone and some electronics that “tune” the device’s capability to sense frequencies in this range. And through a process called “heterodyning” the ultrasonic frequency is shifted down into a frequency range that can be heard through a set of headphones by the operator. Ultrasonic noise is highly directional. As the detecting microphone is aimed in the direction of an ultrasonic noise source, the “white noise” heard through the head phones will increase in volume thus indicating that the operator has the detector pointed in the correct direction and can proceed closer to the noise source (meaning compressed gas leak) so it can be identified, tagged and eventually repaired.

Compressed air leaks can result in a waste of up to 30% of a facility’s compressor output. A compressed air leak detection and repair program can save the facility this wasted air. You can even think of such a program as another way in which a facility can “find” additional air compressor capacity for new projects instead of having to purchase additional compressors to make up for the leakage.


Signs Of Water Leaks

An unusually high water bill combined with the reading of a water meter can show there is a water leak inside a home. This could also be the case if there is mold or mildew on non-shower walls. Walls, flooring, and ceilings that are sagging as well as stained or damaged can all be signs of a water leak.

Hydrostatic Pressure Test

This is an effective pressure test done on a structure’s sanitary sewer system. It can detect any water leaks that may exist in an underground plumbing system. This test involves placing an inflatable test ball into a structure’s main line sewer cleanout. It is then inflated and obstructs the main sewer line. The plumbing system is then filled with water up to its slab level. The water is observed for approximately 20 minutes. Should the plumbing system not be able to go up to slab level, or the water recedes, it is evidence of water leaking.

How Important Is The Interior Painting To Match With The Bedroom Interior Design

How to Properly Paint a Wall: The Best Coat of Paint Can’t Hide Bumpy Walls

Fill holes with lightweight spackling compound and sand them smooth when it dries. Then go over the entire wall with 100-grit sandpaper mounted in a drywall sanding handle. The ultimate setup for this job is a pole-mounted drywall sander with a 100-grit mesh drywall sanding screen, but any method of sanding off old paint lumps and bumps will do. Next mask off the baseboard and window and door trim. Slide the blade of a flexible putty knife along the edge of the masking tape to seal it. Otherwise paint will bleed underneath.

How to Properly Paint a Wall: Avoid Fat Edges and Roller Marks

Ridges of paint left by the edge of the roller, or “fat edges,” are a common problem. And if left to dry, they can be difficult to get rid of without heavy sanding or patching. Here are a few ways to avoid the problem:

Don’t submerge the roller in the paint to load it. Paint can seep inside the roller cover and leak out while you’re rolling. Try to dip only the nap. Then spin it against the screen and dip again until it’s loaded with paint.

Don’t press too hard when you’re smoothing out the paint.

Never start against an edge, like a corner or molding, with a full roller of paint. You’ll leave a heavy buildup of paint that can’t be spread out. Starting about 6 in. from the edge, unload the paint from the roller. Then work back toward the edge.

Unload excess paint from the open end of the roller before you roll back over the wall to smooth it out. Do this by tilting the roller and applying a little extra pressure to the open side of the roller while rolling it up and down in the area you’ve just painted.


Secrets to Silky Smooth Paint

Okay, this isn’t really a secret like professional painters are guarding this information jealously, hoping and praying you’ll never find out. There are no secret paint police to prevent the average homeowner from knowing their tricks.

It’s just plain good sense to know how to get a super smooth coat of paint when you need it, and that’s what I’ll show you today. Trim, cabinets, woodwork, these all need smooth paint without brush marks and globs of paint scattered throughout. Follow these tips and you can get beautiful results.

  1. Prep the Wood

Sand any bare wood to 120-grit and no finer. This will give the primer good “tooth” to hold on and create the right base to start with. A good paint job is all in the prep before you even touch a paint brush.

  1. Sand Your Primer

Without a smooth base, you can’t get a smooth finish. I always use oil-based primer on woodwork and cabinets so that I can sand it down to a super smooth feel before beginning my finish painting. Use 220-grit paper or fine sanding sponges to sand everything down once the primer has dried enough that it generates dust when sanded. If it’s gumming up the paper, then it’s too early to sand. Make sure to blow off any remaining dust when you’re done.

  1. Use Additives

I’m a big believer in products like Floetrol and Penetrol, which are additives for your paint that slow down the drying process and make the paint less gummy. Thinner paint lays down better and helps hide brush marks. Thick, gloppy paint will look…thick and gloppy. Fast drying is not a positive thing for paint when you want a silky smooth finish. If you’re not using these already, look into them.

  1. Buy The Right Paint

Don’t skimp on paint. It truly does turn out that the more you pay for paint, the better it is. And for finish work like we are talking about, don’t buy bargain paint. For woodwork and cabinets, consider Enamel paint which dries harder than regular paint. Oil-based paints along with water-based options both have their place here, depending on your comfort.

  1. Strain Your Paint

The first pour out of the can is usually clean and clear of boogers, but every pour after that has a good chance of globs scattered throughout. You likely won’t see them until they are on your beautifully prepped surface, at which time, it’s too late. Paint stores have lots of cheap strainers in stock for good reason. Don’t kid yourself that this step doesn’t apply to you.


Painting Techniques

Using good painting techniques is key to achieving professional-looking results. Another tip is to use enough paint. Get into the habit of going to the paint can often. Let the paint do the work, and you’ll save time and get the finish you want.

Using a Brush

  • Hold a brush near the base of the handle.
  • Dip half the bristles into the paint and tap on the lip of the can. Don’t wipe it on the side.
  • Paint with enough pressure to bend the bristles slightly — don’t bear hard on the brush.
  • A 1″-2″ brush offers good control so it is well-suited for detail work such as cutting in around windows or painting molding. To apply paint to larger surfaces such as doors, use a 3″-4″ brush.

Using a Roller

  • Roll the roller slowly into the paint in the tray. Then, roll it back and forth until roller cover is evenly coated with paint.
  • Roll onto the tray’s ridges to remove excess paint.
  • For smooth surfaces: Cover about a two-foot-square using the N pattern shown. Cross roll to spread the paint. Finish, with light roller strokes in one direction, at a right angle to the cross roll.
  • If the surface you are painting is porous or textured, use a heavy-nap roller cover (1/2″ or more). Use a 1/4″ nap to maximize sheen on a smoother surface.

Painting Double-Hung Windows

  • For double-hung windows move each sash to the center of its track and paint the inside sash, starting with the crossbars. Then, paint the frame. Don’t paint the top edge of the inside sash; you’ll use it to move the sash. Next, paint the top half of the outside sash, starting with the crossbar, then the frame.
  • Close the sashes to within several inches of the closed position. Paint the rest of the outer sash and the top edge of the inner sash. Paint the window casing, then the sill.
  • Paint the check rails. Move both sashes down as far as they will go, then paint the upper rails. Once the paint is thoroughly dry, move both sashes up and paint the lower rails of the window.

Casement or Awning Windows

  • Open the windows and paint the top, side and bottom edges.
  • Finish with the crossbars, frame, casings and the sills.


Press Tape With a Putty Knife

Nothing is more discouraging when you’ve finished painting than to peel tape off the woodwork and discover the paint bled through. To avoid the pain-in-the-neck chore of scraping off the paint, do a thorough job of adhering the tape before you start. “Apply tape over the wood, then run a putty knife over the top to press down the tape for a good seal,” a painter with more than 16 years of experience says. “That’ll stop any paint bleeds.”

Use the blue painter’s tape instead of masking tape. Masking tape can leave behind a sticky residue that’s hard to clean off. Plus, paint can cause the tape to buckle or get wavy, which lets paint run underneath it. Painter’s tape can be left on for days (some up to two weeks) and still peel off cleanly. And it stops paint bleed without buckling.

Eliminate Brush and Lap Marks with Paint Extender

The secret to a finish that’s free of lap and brush marks is mixing a paint extender (also called a paint conditioner), such as Floetrol, into the paint. This does two things. First, it slows down the paint drying time, giving you a longer window to overlap just-painted areas without getting ugly lap marks that happen when you paint over dried paint and darken the color. Second, paint extender levels out the paint so brushstrokes are virtually eliminated (or at least much less obvious). Pros use extenders when painting drywall, woodwork, cabinets, and doors. Manufacturer’s directions tell you how much extender to add per gallon of paint.


Painting Problems That Are Really Easy to Avoid

Turns out, the frustration you feel every time you attempt to paint a room has much more to do with incorrect technique than bad paint or weird walls. Specifically, you’re probably using your paint roller or brush wrong. But we believe people can change!

Don’t use a bone-dry paint roller

Before you do anything else, you actually want to wet the paint roller cover with water. This primes the roller cover to soak up as much paint as possible. But don’t go too crazy removing excess moisture with a paper towel and a good shake of the roller so it’s just slightly damp. “If your roller cover is completely saturated with water, it won’t be able to take on any more liquid (in this case, paint!).”

Don’t assume you can use the same type of paint roller cover for all projects

Fun-ish fact: The best roller varies depending on the job and the type of paint you’re using.  a 3/8-inch-thick roller cover for most finishes, but for high-gloss, you should use a thinner, 1/4-inch-thick cover. For textured walls like brick, you’ll need a 1/2-inch to 3/4-inch-thick cover to get in all the nooks and crannies.

Don’t wipe your paintbrush against the can’s rim

This is a common bad habit we all need to break. When you go to put the lid back on later, you’ll be faced with a mess. Instead, let the brush drip over the can to remove any excess paint or, if you must, gently tap the bristles of the brush against the inside of the can.

Don’t dip your paintbrush all the way to the handle

It’s tempting to saturate the brush, that’s not a good idea. The paint should only come up to the halfway point on the bristles. “Any more, and you’ll be at risk for unnecessary messes and wasted paint,”

Don’t make paint strokes shorter than 12 inches

This is how you end up with the dreaded uneven finish. making your strokes longer—up to the length of your arm—and smoother (no stopping and starting in the middle!) for the best results.

The Role Of Mold Inspection Before You Buy A House

Mold Inspection & Testing Services

In recent times, people have become much more aware of exposure risks to elevated levels of mold in their homes, schools and work environments. High levels of mold indoors can lead to air quality issues and health concerns. Its presence indoors can also result in property damage and expensive repairs.

Limited Mold Inspection

The limited mold inspection does not include a visual examination of the entire building, but is limited to a specific area of the building identified and described by the inspector. As a result, moisture intrusion, water damage, musty odors, apparent mold growth, or conditions conducive to mold growth in other areas of the building may not be inspected.

Indoor Air Quality Testing

Indoor air sampling should be made under closed-building conditions. Closed-building conditions are necessary for in order to stabilize the air that may contain mold spores or mVOCs, and to increase the reproducibility of the air sampling and measurement.

Contact & Swab Sampling.

A swab comes inside a plastic tube container. The cellulose swab is moistened with a liquid preservative stored in an ampoule at one end of the tube container. Any bacteria collected with the swab are transferred via the swab into a tube. The tube is sent directly to a laboratory for analysis.

Well Water Testing

Different problems can exist in your water, depending upon the type and source of water that is being supplied to the home. water services provide in-home testing to show you the exact condition of your water, within a budget that you can afford



Not all mold inspections are created equal!

Anybody can claim to be able to do a mold inspection, but that doesn’t mean they’ll do a good job. Some mold remediation companies do a quick inspection that doesn’t really tell them much. They don’t use a lab to test for the species of mold and don’t bother testing the air quality. There are even some unsavory types that take advantage of people by exaggerating the problem and suggesting comprehensive mold removal services that aren’t really needed. So how can you be sure that it that will catch what it needs to? A quality mold remediation company should always start with a comprehensive inspection that will take a little bit of time to complete because of several types of tests they will run.

What does a typical high-quality mold inspection include?

Having certified mold technicians perform the work on your house already gives you a leg up against the microbe. Typically, a mold inspection will consist of a visual inspection, sampling visible mold, air quality tests and a mold lab test.

A visual mold inspection comes first

Quick, what’s the fastest way to check for mold? Just look! Of course, that won’t catch microscopic bits in the air, but it’s the best place to start. But an experienced mold tester sees things differently than other people. They know the telltale signs of mold like spots and stains on the walls and carpets and know what odors are usually associated with mold.

Checking for obvious mold and moisture damage

Clumps of mold obviously need to be removed and the sections cleaned. But large accumulations of mold often suggest a larger problem. Mold loves warm and moist areas, and because of this, water is often the culprit. It could be getting in through roof damage or a leaky pipe. If the mold inspector suspects one of these problems, they may recommend a full house inspection from a reliable home inspector.

Testing the mold levels in the air

The mold in the air can get into your lungs! While many kinds of mold are benign, some produce harmful mycotoxins that can cause health problems in some individuals. Part of the mold tests should include both indoor and outdoor mold levels. This gives a level of comparison and can also give clues to how the mold is getting in.



Molds are types of fungi found throughout the natural environment. Molds reproduce by generating tiny, microscopic spores, just like how plants reproduce by producing  seeds.

Mold spores can be found in both indoor and outdoor air, as well as settled on indoor and outdoor surfaces. In the outdoors, molds live in the soil, on plants, and on dead or decaying organic matter. They play an important and natural role in the breakdown of leaves, wood, and other plant debris.

Molds can grow on virtually any substance, as long as moisture and oxygen are present. There are molds that can grow on wood, paper, carpet, foods, and insulation.

Molds need three things to grow:

A wet or damp environment.

A food source such as leaves, wood, paper products, wall board, insulation materials, ceiling tiles, and other organic based materials.

A temperature range similar to the average residential household temperature

Health Effects

Exposure to molds does not always cause health problems. However, some people are sensitive to molds and are at risk for potential negative health effects. Public safety is the most important reason to prevent mold growth and to address any existing indoor mold.


Should I test for mold?

Molds are organisms that are found indoors and outdoors. They are part of the natural environment and play an important role in our ecological system by breaking down and digesting organic material. Molds are neither plants nor animals, but “fungi”. Fungi belong to a classification of their own.

Yeast, mold, mildew and mushrooms are common forms of fungi. Mold is essentially a description of fungi that grows on surfaces, such as the black substance on a moldy shower wall. Mold and mildew often refer to the same type of fungi. All mold is fungi, but not all fungi is mold. Molds grow in many colors, including white. “Black mold” is not a species or specific kind of mold, and neither is “toxic mold.”

Sometimes, the news media use the terms “toxic mold” and “black mold” to refer to molds that are a health hazard.Well water is often affected by chemicals or fertilizer bi-products leaching into the ground or streams that feed the aquifers that supply the well. Sometimes the source of the contamination is a chemical or mineral deposit deep in the ground that the aquifer runs through. It is also possible for well casings or heads to become damaged and allow chemicals or animal bi-products to pollute a well from the surface.

Where is Mold?

Mold spores are everywhere; they are found both indoors and outdoors. Mold spores cannot be eliminated from indoor environments because some of them will be floating through the air and could be on settled dust.

Should I be concerned?

Mold is not usually a problem indoors unless the spores land on a wet or damp surface and begin growing. As molds grow, they digest whatever they are growing on. Unchecked, mold growth can damage buildings and furnishings; molds can damage wood, damage drywall, and in extreme cases cause structural damage to buildings. The potential human health effects of mold are also a concern. It is important, therefore, to prevent mold from growing indoors.

Fungi in the indoor environment raises three major concerns:

  1. The potential health effects of exposure to fungi and their byproducts;
  2. The effects of fungal contamination on the structural integrity of a building; and,
  3. The negative aesthetic effects fungi can produce both visually and on the human nose (smell)


Common Causes of Attic Mold

Bathroom mold, kitchen mold, basement mold, these areas tend to get all the hype, but there is another area that property owners need to be aware of, too, the attic. Mold found in attic areas can be challenging at times when trying to pinpoint the exact cause and source of mold growth. However, there are some common conditions that we routinely find during our mold investigations that are leading contributors to mold growth in attics.

Roof Leaks

Yes, you guessed it, at the top of our list is roof leaks. Several issues can occur around the flashing or the area where the roof plane meets a vertical surface like a vent or a chimney. Missing, deteriorated, or improperly install flashing among other penetration points and inadequate roof repairs are the most common causes of roof leaks. Water seepage also occurs when the roof is beyond the end of its life span. An annual inspection of your roof by a roofing specialist and routine maintenance can prevent leaks in a roof system, effectively reducing the likelihood of mold growth in your attic.

Inadequate Roof Ventilation

Without adequate ventilation, moisture-laden air can remain in attic areas. Often, this will cause elevated moisture conditions around the roof framing and roof sheathing. During cold winter months, for example, condensation can occur on the cold roof sheathing creating this damp environment. You may think otherwise, but it is important to keep your attic cool during colder months.

Another common cause of inadequate ventilation is when your soffit vents are blocked by debris. This could be debris from trees, roofing materials, birds’ nest, or insulation – when it is blown into the attic. If proper care is not taken during this time, the insulation can end up blocking the soffit vents. Soffit vents are critical in a passive ventilation system to circulate air from the lower portion of the attic (intake vents) to the upper roof vents (exhaust vents).

Bath or Kitchen Exhaust Fans Vented into the Attic

Exhaust fans should be vented directly to the exterior of the home, and surprisingly we often find this is not the case. When an exhaust fan is missing its exhaust duct, or if the duct has become separated, the exhaust is then vented directly into the attic space, similar to the situation above meaning the warm damp air is trapped creating the ideal atmosphere for microbial growth. In this case, it’s important to correct the issue an re-route the vents to the outside.

Reverse Engine Rebuilding

Rebuilding Diesel Tractor/Ag Engines

When it comes to agricultural equipment, specifically tractors, many of them are used for decades upon decades due to durable, well-made engines and machinery that lasts. For this reason, agricultural equipment comes with a price tag – a big price tag.

New tractors, ranging in size from compact to 4- and 6-cylinder engines, can cost $30,000 all the way up to several hundred thousand dollars. According to the Association of Equipment Manufacturers, 184,000 tractors were sold in 2013, up 10% from the prior year. The biggest jump in sales in 2013, however, was in tractors with less than 40 hp.

Despite the fact that new tractor sales were up in 2013, industry experts report that the business of rebuilding and remanufacturing older tractor engines and ag equipment was still very prevalent. In fact, most ag equipment doesn’t need rebuilding or remanufacturing for 10 to 15 years, so the increased number of new tractors being sold today means good news down the line for engine rebuilders and parts suppliers.

Due to the prohibitive expense of buying a new tractor or piece of ag equipment, many people, when their machines see engine issues, will opt for rebuilding the engine to get longer life out of their equipment.

“People are not only scared of the price, they are scared of the equipment because they don’t know it,” Kelly says. “We think people are going to be rebuilding their engines and giving them a longer life than they would have done in the past. I think it’s going to be a positive impact on the engine rebuilding world.”


DIY Engine Rebuilding?

As I was working on my Exlpoder this weekend, I was thinking about how much I like the old truck, and the fact that with over 200k miles, the possibility of an engine rebuild may be in the future somewhere. I’ve considered rebuilding it myself, but I’ve never done one

What machine work has to be done?

I’m basically trying to evaluate cost / value of leaning to do a rebuild myself, gaining a valuable skill and a better engine, verses buying a junkyard, verses a reman, verses a crate.

Other than an engine hoist and ideally an engine stand, the only tools you would need are standard engine repair tools. Ie, sockets, wrenches, ratchet, a good breaker bar, etc. Hopefully you already have everything you would really need if you’re contemplating this level of repair. Air or battery impact helps too. The machine work you would want to farm out. A good machine shop would evaluate things and tell you what machine work needs done. At the least I would want to do a valve job with all new valve stem seals. The level of bottom end work needed really depends on the engine. At 238k miles my GS430’s bottom end was tight as a drum so I left it untouched when I did the heads. I imagine a Ford 302 pulling a truck around might be a little more worn at that point, but that’s not necessarily true.

Ring compressor, Ring spreading pliers, feeler guage, 3/8′ and 1/2″ torque wrench and a valve spring compressor would be a good start. I read this guy’s info several years ago when I was rebuilding a 351W and he mentioned a book on rebuilding SBF engines (How to Rebuild Small-Block Ford Engines). I subsequently bought the same book and recommend it. It’s a little dated and doesn’t cover the roller lifter change Ford made in mid-1985 nor the roller lifter-ized 351W but it’s still a useful reference to have.

Not much in the way of special tools needed here, and those that are can usually be rented. As for machine work, I’d suggest getting it hot tanked and an overbore. Heads hot tanked and inspected. MAybe have them milled if need be and a valve job.


Mileage and buying a used car with rebuilt engine

If I’m looking to buy a used car and an ad says 210,000 mileage engine rebuilt at 170,000. What does that actually mean ? Should I consider the rebuilt engine as only having 40,000 miles on it ? That sounds a bit too good to be true.

It is. The engine may have a lot of life in it, IF it was done right. However, the transmission has 210,000 miles on it, the axles have 210,000 miles on them, the suspension has 210,000 miles on it, the steering components have 210,000 miles on them

That means that at 170,000 someone rebuilt the engine. However, because everything else on the car still has 210,000 miles it actually doesn’t add as much value to a used car as you might think. Also, a rebuild can mean a lot of different things, so it’s generally not the same as having an engine with only 40k on it and without documentation of what was done you don’t really know at all. Also keep in mind that most cars these days don’t “die” from a worn out engine– the other stuff wears out and you get sick of spending money on such an old car.

Consider the vehicle has 210k miles. The engine mechanically is the least of a vehicles problems at this old age or higher mileage. It has 210k old emmissions controls, sensors, wiring and electrical parts and big one transmission. These are far more likely to fail than an engine mechanically.

And some people’s definition of an “engine rebuild” leaves a lot to be desired. Some consider (seriously) replacing a head gasket or performing a valve job as an engine rebuild. In cases where the engine is actually removed and disassembled there are a dozen ways of rebuilding it but there is only one correct method.


Used Engine Installation Tips and Procedures

Some of these tips are common knowledge to most experience mechanics.  But there are plenty of do it yourselfers out there that could use this information.  This will also help you understand what your mechanic should be doing when installing your salvage engine.  When your spending good money for a used engine and the labor to install it.

Pre-Installation Inspection Tips

Inspect the entire engine thoroughly – If there is an issue, you want to find out before you have it installed in the vehicle.

Match the long-block with your old one.  Make sure they are exactly the same.

After you have the old engine out, set it next to the used engine and identify which components need to switched over.

If you find damaged components in your inspection (timing cover, oil pan, etc.), simply swap the components with your old engine.  Generally, bolt-on accessories can be swapped with no issue.

Don’t install a replacement salvage engine with damaged parts.  This may cause the used engine to fail prematurely.

Inspect timing components on engine, if miles are over factory specification for a timing belt or chain, replace timing components.  Best practice is to always replace the timing belt. It’s generally inexpensive to do when the engine is already out of the vehicle.

Inspect all gaskets for bolt on accessories and replace any gaskets that look brittle or are leaking.

Change over any bolt on accessories needed off your old engine

Installation Tips and Guidelines

Flush cooling system prior to installing engine to remove any debris left over from previous engine.

Clean or replace oil strainer and pick up tube screen.

Replace oil pan gasket & rear main seal.

Drain & replace engine oils to manufacturers suggested levels.

Replace oil filter.

Timing belts/chains, water pump, thermostat, spark plugs, fluids, and seals are routine maintenance items and should be replaced at the time of installation and at the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended service intervals.

Replace any water hoses or vacuum lines that need replacing.

Prior to starting engine prime oil system to check to be sure you have oil pressure.

Proper operation of the cooling and electrical system must be checked during the installation of products that can be affected by those systems.

Replace valve cover gasket as needed.

Install new belts and hoses.

These simple procedures will make sure the you get the most out of your used engine.


When engine is shot, do you go with remanufactured or rebuilt?

I recently inherited the car I spent my childhood washing. It’s a ’94 Ford Explorer with the tow package. I know you’re going to say that Explorers have problems, but I really love this car … even though it has no air bags. It won’t be my commuter car; it will get used when I climb

The head gasket is blown, even though the engine has only 65,000 miles on it. I was leaning toward having a Jasper remanufactured engine put in. My line of thought was that due to the engine’s age and the overheating that caused the blown gasket, other things might be ready to go, and a new engine would cut down on future repairs

If you’re planning to keep the car for a long time, then I think a remanufactured engine always is the best option, if you can get one. There are factories that do nothing but remanufacture engines, and they have the machinery and expertise to do it very well. That means the tolerances (the spaces between the things that really matter) are likely to be more accurate, which produces better results and fewer problems later on.

If you have a car that’s so old, or so rare, that a remanufactured engine is not an option, then you need to decide between having a local shop rebuild it for you and buying a new one (if you can even get it). But your Explorer was common enough that Jasper and other companies can make a good business out of remanufacturing those engines and selling them.

So that’s exactly what I’d get. In fact, we’ve bought dozens of remanufactured engines from Jasper over the years, and I remember only one of them that caused us any trouble. And we called them up and they said, “Oops, sorry, we’ll send you another engine.” Plus I think they come with a three-year, 100,000-mile warranty that includes labor.